lunedì 18 maggio 2020

FORAGING PARTE 2

Continuiamo il viaggio nell'alimentazione dei pappagalli per capire se e come è realisticamente possibile replicare una dieta simile a quella che avrebbero in Natura, con questo articolo del World Parrot Trust
𝑨ʟɪᴍᴇɴᴛᴀᴢɪᴏɴᴇ 𝑺ᴇʟᴠᴀᴛɪᴄᴀ, 𝑷ᴏ𝒔𝒔ɪʙɪʟɪᴛᴀ̀ ɪɴ 𝑪ᴀᴛᴛɪᴠɪᴛᴀ̀
𝑺ᴇᴄᴏɴᴅᴀ 𝑷ᴀʀᴛᴇ
ᴅɪ 𝑬𝑩 𝑪ʀᴀᴠᴇɴ𝒔
L'ᴜɴɪᴄᴏ ᴍᴏᴅᴏ sɪᴄᴜʀᴏ ᴘᴇʀ ʀɪᴘʀᴏᴅᴜʀʀᴇ ᴀᴅᴇɢᴜᴀᴛᴀᴍᴇɴᴛᴇ ʟᴀ ᴅɪᴇᴛᴀ ᴅɪ ᴜɴ ᴘᴀᴘᴘᴀɢᴀʟʟᴏ sᴇʟᴠᴀᴛɪᴄᴏ ᴘᴇʀ ᴜɴ ᴘᴀᴘᴘᴀɢᴀʟʟᴏ ɪɴ ᴄᴀᴛᴛɪᴠɪᴛᴀ̀, ᴇ̀ ǫᴜᴇʟʟᴏ ᴅɪ ᴠɪᴠᴇʀᴇ ɪɴ ᴜɴ sᴜᴏ ᴘᴀᴇsᴇ ᴅɪ ᴏʀɪɢɪɴᴇ, ᴇ ᴅɪ ʟɪʙᴇʀᴀʀʟᴏ ᴛᴜᴛᴛɪ ɪ ɢɪᴏʀɴɪ ɪɴ ᴍᴏᴅᴏ ᴄʜᴇ ᴘᴏssᴀ ɴᴜᴛʀɪʀsɪ ᴄᴏɴ ɪ sᴜᴏɪ sɪᴍɪʟɪ. Iᴍᴘᴏssɪʙɪʟᴇ ᴘᴇʀ ʟᴀ ᴍᴀɢɢɪᴏʀ ᴘᴀʀᴛᴇ ᴅɪ ɴᴏɪ, ɢɪᴜsᴛᴏ?
Tᴜᴛᴛᴀᴠɪᴀ, ᴇ̀ ᴘᴏssɪʙɪʟᴇ ғᴀʀᴇ ᴅᴇɪ ʙᴜᴏɴɪ ᴛᴇɴᴛᴀᴛɪᴠɪ ᴇᴅ ᴇᴍᴜʟᴀʀᴇ ᴘᴇʀ ɪ ɴᴏsᴛʀɪ ᴘᴀᴘᴘᴀɢᴀʟʟɪ ʟᴇ ᴛᴇɴᴅᴇɴᴢᴇ ᴀʟɪᴍᴇɴᴛᴀʀɪ ᴅᴇɢʟɪ ᴜᴄᴄᴇʟʟɪ sᴇʟᴠᴀᴛɪᴄɪ. Fᴀᴄᴇɴᴅᴏʟᴏ, ᴅᴏʙʙɪᴀᴍᴏ ɪɴɴᴀɴᴢɪ ᴛᴜᴛᴛᴏ ᴛᴇɴᴇʀᴇ ᴘʀᴇsᴇɴᴛᴇ ᴄʜᴇ ǫᴜᴇʟʟᴏ ᴄʜᴇ ᴠᴏɢʟɪᴀᴍᴏ ᴏᴛᴛᴇɴᴇʀᴇ ɴᴏɴ ᴇ̀ ᴛᴀɴᴛᴏ ᴜɴᴀ ᴅɪᴇᴛᴀ “sᴇʟᴠᴀᴛɪᴄᴀ”, ᴍᴀ ᴜɴᴀ ᴅɪᴇᴛᴀ “ɴᴀᴛᴜʀᴀʟᴇ”.
Fᴏʀɴɪʀᴇ ᴜɴᴀ ᴅɪᴇᴛᴀ ɴᴀᴛᴜʀᴀʟᴇ, sɪɢɴɪғɪᴄᴀ ᴇʟɪᴍɪɴᴀʀᴇ ɢʟɪ ᴀʟɪᴍᴇɴᴛɪ ᴍᴏʟᴛᴏ ʟᴀᴠᴏʀᴀᴛɪ ᴅᴀʟʟᴇ ᴄɪᴏᴛᴏʟᴇ ᴅᴇɪ ᴘᴀᴘᴘᴀɢᴀʟʟɪ. Nᴀᴛᴜʀᴀʟᴍᴇɴᴛᴇ, ɴᴏɴ ᴛᴜᴛᴛɪ ǫᴜᴇsᴛɪ ᴀʟɪᴍᴇɴᴛɪ sᴀʀᴀɴɴᴏ ʙᴀɴᴅɪᴛɪ, ᴘᴇʀᴄʜᴇ́ ʟ'ᴏʙɪᴇᴛᴛɪᴠᴏ ғɪɴᴀʟᴇ ᴇ̀ ǫᴜᴇʟʟᴏ ᴅɪ ɴᴜᴛʀɪʀᴇ ǫᴜᴀʟsɪᴀsɪ ɪɴ ᴍᴏᴅᴏ ᴀᴅᴇɢᴜᴀᴛᴏ (ᴏғғʀᴇɴᴅᴏɢʟɪ ᴏɢɴɪ ᴛᴀɴᴛᴏ ᴅᴇʟʟᴇ ʟᴇᴄᴄᴏʀɴɪᴇ ᴜᴍᴀɴᴇ!). Mᴀ, ᴘᴇʀ ǫᴜᴀɴᴛᴏ ᴘᴏssɪʙɪʟᴇ, ᴇ̀ ᴍᴇɢʟɪᴏ sᴏsᴛɪᴛᴜɪʀᴇ ʟᴇ sᴏsᴛᴀɴᴢᴇ ʟᴀᴠᴏʀᴀᴛᴇ ᴄᴏɴ ɪ ᴄɪʙɪ ᴄʀᴜᴅɪ ᴇ ɴᴀᴛᴜʀᴀʟɪ.
Iɴɴᴀɴᴢɪ ᴛᴜᴛᴛᴏ, ᴅᴏᴠʀᴇᴍᴍᴏ ᴄᴏɴsɪᴅᴇʀᴀʀᴇ ᴄᴏᴍᴇ ᴍᴀɴɢɪᴀɴᴏ ʟᴀ ᴍᴀɢɢɪᴏʀ ᴘᴀʀᴛᴇ ᴅᴇɪ ᴘᴀᴘᴘᴀɢᴀʟʟɪ ᴇ ᴅᴇɪ ᴘᴀʀʀᴏᴄᴄʜᴇᴛᴛɪ.
Aᴠᴇᴛᴇ ᴍᴀɪ ᴏssᴇʀᴠᴀᴛᴏ ᴄᴏᴍᴇ ᴜɴ ᴘᴀᴘᴘᴀɢᴀʟʟᴏ Cᴇɴᴇʀɪɴᴏ ᴏ ᴜɴ Cᴏɴᴜʀᴏ ᴅᴇʟ sᴏʟᴇ ᴄᴏɴsᴜᴍᴀɴᴏ ᴜɴᴀ ɴᴏᴄᴇ sᴇɴᴢᴀ ɪʟ ɢᴜsᴄɪᴏ? Tᴇɴɢᴏɴᴏ ʟᴀ ɴᴏᴄᴇ ɪɴ ᴜɴᴀ ᴢᴀᴍᴘᴀ (ᴏ ᴀʟᴄᴜɴɪ sɪ ᴄʜɪɴᴀɴᴏ sᴜʟʟᴀ ᴄɪᴏᴛᴏʟᴀ, ᴄᴏᴍᴇ ɢʟɪ Eᴄʟᴇᴄᴛᴜs ᴇ ɪ Pᴀʀʀᴏᴄᴄʜᴇᴛᴛɪ ᴅɪ Rᴇɢᴇɴᴛ) ᴇ ʟᴀ ᴍᴀsᴛɪᴄᴀɴᴏ ʟᴇɴᴛᴀᴍᴇɴᴛᴇ ʀɪᴅᴜᴄᴇɴᴅᴏʟᴀ ᴀ ᴜɴᴀ ᴘᴏʟᴠᴇʀᴇ sᴏᴛᴛɪʟᴇ, ᴄᴏɴsᴜᴍᴀɴᴅᴏɴᴇ ᴜɴᴀ ᴘᴀʀᴛᴇ, sᴘʀᴇᴄᴀɴᴅᴏɴᴇ ᴍᴏʟᴛᴀ, ᴇ ᴀʟʟᴀ ʀɪᴄᴇʀᴄᴀ ᴅᴇɪ ɢʀᴀssɪ ᴇ ᴅᴇɢʟɪ ᴏʟɪ ᴇssᴇɴᴢɪᴀʟɪ. Sᴇ ɴᴏɴ ʜᴀɴɴᴏ ʟᴀ ғʀᴇᴛᴛᴀ ᴘʀᴏᴠᴏᴄᴀᴛᴀ ᴅᴀʟʟᴀ ғᴀᴍᴇ, ᴏ sᴇ ɴᴏɴ sᴛᴀɴɴᴏ ɴᴜᴛʀᴇɴᴅᴏ ᴅᴇɪ ɴɪᴅɪᴀᴄᴇɪ ᴀғғᴀᴍᴀᴛɪ, ᴘᴏᴄʜɪ ᴘᴀᴘᴘᴀɢᴀʟʟɪ ᴀғғᴇʀʀᴇʀᴀɴɴᴏ ɢʀᴏssɪ ᴘᴇᴢᴢɪ ᴅɪ ᴄɪʙᴏ.
Iɴᴠᴇᴄᴇ, ᴍᴀsᴛɪᴄᴀɴᴏ ᴇ ᴍᴀsᴛɪᴄᴀɴᴏ, ᴀssᴏʀʙᴇɴᴅᴏ ɴᴜᴛʀɪᴍᴇɴᴛᴏ ᴇ ʟɪǫᴜɪᴅɪ ᴅᴀɪ sᴜᴄᴄʜɪ, ɢʟɪ ᴏʟɪ, ɪ ғʀᴀᴍᴍᴇɴᴛɪ ʀɪᴄᴄʜɪ ᴅɪ ᴍɪɴᴇʀᴀʟɪ, ʟᴀ ᴄʟᴏʀᴏғɪʟʟᴀ, ɢʟɪ ᴇɴᴢɪᴍɪ ᴠᴇɢᴇᴛᴀʟɪ, ᴇ sɪᴍɪʟɪ. Eᴅ ᴇ̀ ᴘʀᴇᴄɪsᴀᴍᴇɴᴛᴇ ᴘᴇʀ ǫᴜᴇsᴛᴏ ᴍᴏᴛɪᴠᴏ ᴄʜᴇ sᴘᴇssᴏ sɪ ᴏssᴇʀᴠᴀɴᴏ ᴛᴀɴᴛɪ ғʀᴀᴍᴍᴇɴᴛɪ ᴅɪ ᴄɪʙᴏ ᴄᴀᴅᴇʀᴇ ᴅᴀɢʟɪ ᴀʟʙᴇʀɪ ᴅᴏᴠᴇ sɪ ɴᴜᴛʀᴏɴᴏ ɪ ɢʀᴜᴘᴘɪ ᴅɪ ᴘᴀᴘᴘᴀɢᴀʟʟɪ sᴇʟᴠᴀᴛɪᴄɪ. UÉ´ ᴜᴄᴄᴇʟʟᴏ ᴄʜᴇ ɴᴏɴ ʀᴏᴍᴘᴇ ɪ sᴇᴍɪ, ɪɴɢᴏɪᴇʀᴀ̀ ᴜɴ sᴇᴍᴇ ᴅɪ ɢᴜᴀᴠᴀ ɪɴᴛᴇʀᴏ. UÉ´ ᴘᴀᴘᴘᴀɢᴀʟʟᴏ ʟᴏ ᴛʀɪᴛᴜʀᴇʀᴀ̀ ɪɴ ᴜɴᴀ ᴘᴏʟᴘᴀ. E' ᴄᴏᴍᴇ sᴇ ɪ ᴘᴀᴘᴘᴀɢᴀʟʟɪ ᴘʀᴇғᴇʀɪsᴄᴏɴᴏ ɪ ᴄɪʙɪ “ғʀᴜʟʟᴀᴛɪ” ᴘɪᴜᴛᴛᴏsᴛᴏ ᴄʜᴇ ᴀ ᴘᴇᴢᴢɪ ɢʀᴀɴᴅɪ.
Lᴀ ᴍᴀɢɢɪᴏʀ ᴘᴀʀᴛᴇ ᴅᴇɪ ᴘᴀᴘᴘᴀɢᴀʟʟɪ ᴄʜᴇ ʜᴏ ᴏssᴇʀᴠᴀᴛᴏ ᴘʀᴇғᴇʀɪsᴄᴇ ᴄᴇʀᴛᴀᴍᴇɴᴛᴇ ɪ ᴄɪʙɪ ᴍᴏʀʙɪᴅɪ: ғɪᴏʀɪ, ʙᴏᴄᴄɪᴏʟɪ, ʀᴀᴍɪ ɢɪᴏᴠᴀɴɪ, ʟᴀʀᴠᴇ, sᴇᴍɪ ᴅᴇɪ ғʀᴜᴛᴛɪ, sᴇᴍɪ ɴᴏɴ ᴍᴀᴛᴜʀɪ, ᴇᴄᴄ. Tᴜᴛᴛᴏ ɪʟ ᴄᴏɴᴄᴇᴛᴛᴏ ᴅᴇɢʟɪ ᴇsᴛʀᴜsɪ ᴇssɪᴄᴄᴀᴛɪ ᴇ ᴅᴇʟʟᴇ ᴍɪsᴄᴇʟᴇ ᴄᴏᴍᴍᴇʀᴄɪᴀʟɪ ᴅɪ sᴇᴍɪ ɴᴏɴ sʙᴜᴄᴄɪᴀᴛɪ, sᴇᴍʙʀᴀ ᴇsᴛʀᴀɴᴇᴏ ᴀʟ sɪsᴛᴇᴍᴀ ᴅɪɢᴇsᴛɪᴠᴏ ᴇᴠᴏʟᴜᴛᴏ ᴅᴀɪ ᴘᴀᴘᴘᴀɢᴀʟʟɪ.
Pᴇʀ ғᴀʀʟᴏ ғᴜɴᴢɪᴏɴᴀʀᴇ ᴀᴅᴇɢᴜᴀᴛᴀᴍᴇɴᴛᴇ, ɪ ᴘᴀᴘᴘᴀɢᴀʟʟɪ ᴀᴠʀᴇʙʙᴇʀᴏ ʙɪsᴏɢɴᴏ ᴅɪ ʙᴇʀᴇ ᴍᴏʟᴛᴀ ᴘɪᴜ̀ ᴀᴄǫᴜᴀ ᴅɪ ǫᴜᴀɴᴛᴏ ɴᴏɴ sɪᴀɴᴏ ᴘʀᴏɢʀᴀᴍᴍᴀᴛɪ ᴀ ғᴀʀᴇ. Qᴜᴇsᴛᴏ ᴇ̀ ɪʟ ᴍᴏᴛɪᴠᴏ ᴘʀɪɴᴄɪᴘᴀʟᴇ ᴘᴇʀ ᴄᴜɪ, Aᴘʀɪʟ ᴇᴅ ɪᴏ, ᴏʟᴛʀᴇ ᴀ ғᴏʀɴɪʀᴇ ᴀʟ ɴᴏsᴛʀᴏ sᴛᴏʀᴍᴏ ɢʟɪ ᴀʟɪᴍᴇɴᴛɪ ᴄʀᴜᴅɪ ᴇ ɴᴀᴛᴜʀᴀʟɪ, ᴄᴜᴄɪɴɪᴀᴍᴏ ɪ ᴄᴇʀᴇᴀʟɪ ᴇ ɢᴇʀᴍᴏɢʟɪᴀᴍᴏ ɪ sᴇᴍɪ ᴘᴇʀ ᴀᴍᴍᴏʀʙɪᴅɪʀʟɪ. Nᴇʟ ᴛᴀʀᴅᴏ ᴘᴏᴍᴇʀɪɢɢɪᴏ, ɪ ɴᴏsᴛʀɪ ᴘᴀᴘᴘᴀɢᴀʟʟɪ ʀɪᴄᴇᴠᴏɴᴏ ᴜɴᴀ ᴘɪᴄᴄᴏʟᴀ ǫᴜᴀɴᴛɪᴛᴀ̀ ᴅɪ sᴇᴍɪ sᴇᴄᴄʜɪ, ɪɴ ᴀᴛᴛᴇsᴀ ᴅᴇʟʟᴀ ᴄᴏʟᴀᴢɪᴏɴᴇ ᴅᴇʟ ɢɪᴏʀɴᴏ ᴅᴏᴘᴏ.
Oɢɴɪ ᴠᴏʟᴛᴀ ᴄʜᴇ ᴘᴇɴsɪᴀᴍᴏ ᴅɪ ʀᴇᴘʟɪᴄᴀʀᴇ ᴀᴘᴘʀᴏssɪᴍᴀᴛɪᴠᴀᴍᴇɴᴛᴇ ʟ'ᴀʟɪᴍᴇɴᴛᴀᴢɪᴏɴᴇ ᴀʙɪᴛᴜᴀʟᴇ ᴅᴇɢʟɪ ᴜᴄᴄᴇʟʟɪ sᴇʟᴠᴀᴛɪᴄɪ, ғᴀᴄᴄɪᴀᴍᴏ ᴀᴛᴛᴇɴᴢɪᴏɴᴇ ᴀ ᴄᴏsᴀ ᴍᴀɴɢɪᴀɴᴏ ɢʟɪ ᴜᴄᴄᴇʟʟɪ ɴᴇʟʟᴀ ɴᴏsᴛʀᴀ ᴢᴏɴᴀ. Sᴇ ɴᴇʟ ᴍᴇɴᴜ sᴏɴᴏ ᴘʀᴇsᴇɴᴛɪ ɪ ғɪᴏʀɪ ᴘʀɪᴍᴀᴠᴇʀɪʟɪ, ᴜsᴄɪᴀᴍᴏ ᴘᴇʀ ʀᴀᴄᴄᴏɢʟɪᴇʀᴇ ɪ ғɪᴏʀɪ ᴅᴀɢʟɪ ᴀʟʙᴇʀɪ, ᴏ ʟᴇ ᴍᴀʀɢʜᴇʀɪᴛᴇ, ʟᴇ ᴄᴀʟᴇɴᴅᴜʟᴇ, ɢʟɪ ᴀsᴛᴇʀ, ʟᴇ ʙᴏᴄᴄʜᴇ ᴅɪ ʟᴇᴏɴᴇ, ɪ ғɪᴏʀɪ ᴅɪ ʟɪɴᴏ, ɪ ʙᴏᴄᴄɪᴏʟɪ ᴅᴇɢʟɪ ᴀʟʙᴇʀɪ ᴅᴀ ғʀᴜᴛᴛᴏ, ᴇ ʟɪ ᴏғғʀɪᴀᴍᴏ ɪɴ ᴍᴀᴢᴢᴇᴛᴛɪ ᴀɪ ɴᴏsᴛʀɪ ᴘᴀᴘᴘᴀɢᴀʟʟɪ ɪɴsɪᴇᴍᴇ ᴀʟ ʟᴏʀᴏ ᴄɪʙᴏ ǫᴜᴏᴛɪᴅɪᴀɴᴏ. Sᴘᴇssᴏ, ɪ ᴘᴀᴘᴘᴀɢᴀʟʟɪ ᴄᴇʀᴄᴀɴᴏ ɪ ғɪᴏʀɪ ᴘʀɪᴍᴀ ᴅᴇɢʟɪ ᴀʟᴛʀɪ ᴀʟɪᴍᴇɴᴛɪ.
Sᴇ ʟ'ᴇsᴛᴀᴛᴇ ᴄɪ ᴘᴏʀᴛᴀ ɪ ғʀᴜᴛᴛɪ ᴅᴇʟʟᴀ ᴠɪᴛᴇ ᴠᴇʀɢɪɴᴇ, ᴅᴀᴛᴜʀᴀ, ғɪᴄᴏ, ɢᴇʟsᴏ, sᴜsɪɴᴏ ᴏ ʟᴇ ɢʜɪᴀɴᴅᴇ, ᴀɢɢɪᴜɴɢɪᴀᴍᴏ ǫᴜᴇsᴛɪ ᴀʟɪᴍᴇɴᴛɪ ᴇɴᴇʀɢᴇᴛɪᴄɪ ᴀʟʟ'ᴀʟɪᴍᴇɴᴛᴀᴢɪᴏɴᴇ. Qᴜᴀɴᴅᴏ ᴠɪᴠᴇᴠᴏ ᴀ Sᴀɴᴛᴀ Fᴇ, ɴᴇʟ Nᴇᴡ Mᴇxɪᴄᴏ, ʀᴀᴄᴄᴏɢʟɪᴇᴠᴏ ɪ ʀᴀᴍɪ ᴅᴇɪ ɢɪᴏᴠᴀɴɪ ᴏʟᴇᴀsᴛᴇʀ, ᴄʜᴀᴍɪsᴀ, ᴏ ɢɪɴᴇᴘʀɪ ᴇ ʟɪ ᴏғғʀɪᴠᴏ ᴀɪ ᴍɪᴇɪ Aᴍᴀᴢᴢᴏɴɪ ᴇ Lᴏʀɪ. Pᴇʀ ʟᴇ ᴠᴇʀᴅᴜʀᴇ, ᴄɪ ᴄᴏɴᴄᴇɴᴛʀɪᴀᴍᴏ sᴜɢʟɪ sᴛᴇʟɪ, ɪ ɢᴇʀᴍᴏɢʟɪ ᴇ ɪ ʙᴏᴄᴄɪᴏʟɪ, ᴘɪᴜ̀ ᴄʀᴏᴄᴄᴀɴᴛɪ ᴇ ᴄᴏɴᴛᴇɴᴇɴᴛɪ ɪ ʟɪǫᴜɪᴅɪ ɴᴜᴛʀɪᴇɴᴛɪ ᴄʜᴇ ᴠᴇɴɢᴏɴᴏ ᴇsᴛʀᴀᴛᴛɪ ᴅᴀɪ ᴘᴀᴘᴘᴀɢᴀʟʟɪ. Lᴇ ғᴏɢʟɪᴇ ᴅᴇʟʟᴇ ᴄᴀʀᴏᴛᴇ ᴇ ᴅᴇʟʟᴇ ʀᴀᴘᴇ sᴏɴᴏ ᴜɴ ᴇsᴇᴍᴘɪᴏ ᴄʟᴀssɪᴄᴏ ᴅɪ ᴠᴇʀᴅᴜʀᴇ ᴅᴀ ᴄᴜᴄɪɴᴀ ᴄʜᴇ ᴘᴏssᴏɴᴏ ғᴏʀɴɪʀᴇ ᴜɴ ʙᴜᴏɴ ғᴏʀᴀɢɢɪᴀᴍᴇɴᴛᴏ ᴀɪ ᴘᴀᴘᴘᴀɢᴀʟʟɪ. I ʙʀᴏᴄᴄᴏʟɪ ᴏ ɪ ʀᴀᴠᴀɴᴇʟʟɪ ᴍᴀᴛᴜʀɪ ᴄʜᴇ ʜᴀɴɴᴏ ᴘʀᴏᴅᴏᴛᴛᴏ ɪ ғɪᴏʀɪ ɢɪᴀʟʟɪ ᴏ ʀᴏsᴀ, ᴏ ᴅᴇɪ ᴘɪᴄᴄᴏʟɪ ʙᴀᴄᴄᴇʟʟɪ ᴠᴇʀᴅɪ, sᴏɴᴏ ᴜɴ ᴏᴛᴛɪᴍᴏ ᴇsᴇᴍᴘɪᴏ ᴅɪ ǫᴜᴇʟʟᴏ ᴄʜᴇ ᴀɪ ᴘᴀᴘᴘᴀɢᴀʟʟɪ ᴘɪᴀᴄᴇ ᴍᴀɴɢɪᴀʀᴇ, ᴄᴏᴍᴇ ᴀɴᴄʜᴇ ʟᴇ ᴇʀʙᴇ ᴘʀᴀᴛɪᴠᴇ ᴄᴏɴ ɪ sᴇᴍɪ ᴇ ɪ ʙᴀᴄᴄᴇʟʟɪ ᴄʜᴇ ᴠᴇɴɢᴏɴᴏ ᴄᴏɴsᴜᴍᴀᴛᴇ ᴅᴀɢʟɪ sᴛᴏʀᴍɪ sᴇʟᴠᴀᴛɪᴄɪ.
Pᴇʀ ᴄʜɪ ᴅᴇsɪᴅᴇʀᴀ ᴀᴜᴍᴇɴᴛᴀʀᴇ ʟᴀ ᴠᴀʀɪᴇᴛᴀ̀ ᴀʟɪᴍᴇɴᴛᴀʀᴇ ᴅᴇɪ ᴘʀᴏᴘʀɪ ᴘᴀᴘᴘᴀɢᴀʟʟɪ, ɪ ᴍᴇʀᴄᴀᴛɪ ᴏғғʀᴏɴᴏ ᴜɴᴀ ᴠᴀsᴛᴀ sᴄᴇʟᴛᴀ ᴅɪ ᴏʀᴛᴀɢɢɪ ғʀᴇsᴄʜɪ. Nᴏɪ ᴄɪ ᴄᴏɴᴄᴇɴᴛʀɪᴀᴍᴏ sᴜ ǫᴜᴇʟʟɪ ᴄʜᴇ ᴘʀᴏᴅᴜᴄᴏɴᴏ ᴅᴇɪ sᴇᴍɪ ᴠᴇʀᴅɪ ᴇ ᴍᴀᴛᴜʀɪ, ɢᴜᴀᴠᴀ, ᴘᴀᴘᴀɪᴀ, ғɪᴄʜɪ, ᴍᴇʟᴏɢʀᴀɴᴏ, ғʀᴜᴛᴛɪ ᴅᴇʟʟᴀ ᴘᴀssɪᴏɴᴇ, ᴍᴇʟᴇ ᴠᴇʀᴅɪ, ᴘɪsᴇʟʟɪ ʙɪᴏʟᴏɢɪᴄɪ, ғᴀɢɪᴏʟɪ, ᴇ ʟᴇɢᴜᴍɪ ɢᴇʀᴍᴏɢʟɪᴀᴛɪ. Gʟɪ ᴀᴠᴀɴᴢɪ ᴅᴇʟʟᴇ ᴍɪsᴄᴇʟᴇ ᴅɪ sᴇᴍɪ ᴘᴏssᴏɴᴏ ᴇssᴇʀᴇ sᴇᴍɪɴᴀᴛɪ ᴇ ᴄᴏʟᴛɪᴠᴀᴛɪ ɪɴ ɢɪᴀʀᴅɪɴᴏ ғɪɴᴄʜᴇ́ ғɪᴏʀɪsᴄᴏɴᴏ ᴇ ᴘʀᴏᴅᴜᴄᴏɴᴏ ᴅᴇɪ ʙᴀᴄᴄᴇʟʟɪ ᴄʜᴇ ɪ ᴘᴀᴘᴘᴀɢᴀʟʟɪ ᴘᴏssᴏɴᴏ ᴍᴀɴɢɪᴀʀᴇ. Gɪʀᴀsᴏʟᴇ, ʙʀᴀssɪᴄᴀ, ᴍɪɢʟɪᴏ, ɢʀᴀɴᴏ sᴀʀᴀᴄᴇɴᴏ, ᴄᴀɴᴀᴘᴀ, ᴇᴄᴄ. sᴏɴᴏ sᴏʟᴏ ᴀʟᴄᴜɴɪ ᴅɪ ǫᴜᴇsᴛɪ sᴇᴍɪ; ᴇ ᴛᴇɴᴅᴏɴᴏ ᴀᴅ ᴇssᴇʀᴇ ǫᴜᴀsɪ ɪʀʀᴇsɪsᴛɪʙɪʟɪ ᴀɴᴄʜᴇ ᴘᴇʀ ɪ ᴘᴀᴘᴘᴀɢᴀʟʟɪ ᴅᴀɪ ɢᴜsᴛɪ ᴘɪᴜ̀ ᴅɪғғɪᴄɪʟɪ ᴄʜᴇ ɴᴏɴ ᴀᴍᴀɴᴏ ᴍᴏʟᴛᴏ ɢʟɪ ᴏʀᴛᴀɢɢɪ ғʀᴇsᴄʜɪ.
Sᴇ ɪ sᴇᴍɪ sᴇᴄᴄʜɪ ᴠᴇɴɢᴏɴᴏ ʟᴀsᴄɪᴀᴛɪ ᴀ ʙᴀɢɴᴏ ɴᴇʟʟ'ᴀᴄǫᴜᴀ ᴘᴇʀ 24/48 ᴏʀᴇ ᴇ sᴄɪᴀᴄǫᴜᴀᴛɪ ғʀᴇǫᴜᴇɴᴛᴇᴍᴇɴᴛᴇ, ɢᴇʀᴍɪɴᴇʀᴀɴɴᴏ ᴇ ᴄᴀᴍʙɪᴇʀᴀɴɴᴏ ɪ ʟᴏʀᴏ ᴄᴏɴᴛᴇɴᴜᴛɪ ɴᴜᴛʀɪᴢɪᴏɴᴀʟɪ, ʀᴇɴᴅᴇɴᴅᴏʟɪ sɪᴍɪʟɪ ᴀ ǫᴜᴇʟʟɪ ᴅᴇɪ sᴇᴍɪ ᴠᴇʀᴅɪ ᴄʜᴇ ɪ ᴘᴀᴘᴘᴀɢᴀʟʟɪ ᴄᴇʀᴄᴀɴᴏ ɪɴ ɴᴀᴛᴜʀᴀ. (Vᴇᴅɪ Gᴇʀᴍᴏɢʟɪᴀʀᴇ ᴘᴇʀ ɪ Pᴀᴘᴘᴀɢᴀʟʟɪ, PsɪᴛᴛᴀSᴄᴇɴᴇ 24.4 Nᴏᴠᴇᴍʙʀᴇ 2012).
Nᴏɴ ᴅɪᴍᴇɴᴛɪᴄᴀᴛᴇ ɪ ʙᴀᴍʙᴜ̀ ᴄᴏᴍᴍᴇsᴛɪʙɪʟɪ, ʟᴇ ᴘᴀʟᴍᴇ, ʟᴇ ᴏʀᴄʜɪᴅᴇᴇ, ᴇ ʟᴇ ᴇʀʙᴇ. Iʟ ғᴀᴍᴏsᴏ ᴇsᴘᴇʀᴛᴏ ɪɴɢʟᴇsᴇ ᴅɪ Aᴍᴀᴢᴢᴏɴɪ, Jᴏʜɴ Sᴛᴏᴏᴅʟᴇʏ, sᴄʀɪᴠᴇᴠᴀ ᴄʜᴇ ᴀɢɢɪᴜɴɢᴇᴠᴀ ᴛᴜᴛᴛɪ ɪ ɢɪᴏʀɴɪ ᴀʟ ᴄɪʙᴏ ᴅᴇɪ ɢᴀᴍʙɪ ᴇ ᴅᴇɪ ɢᴇᴛᴛɪ ᴛᴀɢʟɪᴀᴛɪ. Rɪᴛᴇɴᴇᴠᴀ ᴄʜᴇ ᴀɪᴜᴛᴀɴᴏ ʟᴀ ᴅɪɢᴇsᴛɪᴏɴᴇ ᴇ ᴄʜᴇ ғᴏʀɴɪᴠᴀɴᴏ ᴜɴᴀ ʙᴜᴏɴᴀ ᴘᴏssɪʙɪʟɪᴛᴀ̀ ᴅɪ ғᴏʀᴀɢɢɪᴀᴍᴇɴᴛᴏ, sᴏᴅᴅɪsғᴀᴄᴇɴᴅᴏ ʟᴀ ɴᴇᴄᴇssɪᴛᴀ̀ ᴅᴇɪ ᴘᴀᴘᴘᴀɢᴀʟʟɪ ᴅɪ ᴍᴀsᴛɪᴄᴀʀᴇ.
Jᴀᴍɪᴇ ʜᴀ ʀᴀɢɪᴏɴᴇ ǫᴜᴀɴᴅᴏ sᴏsᴛɪᴇɴᴇ ᴄʜᴇ ᴛᴜᴛᴛɪ ɪ ɢɪᴏʀɴɪ ʙɪsᴏɢɴᴀ ғᴏʀɴɪʀᴇ ᴀɪ ᴘᴀᴘᴘᴀɢᴀʟʟɪ ᴅᴇɪ ᴠᴇɢᴇᴛᴀʟɪ ғʀᴇsᴄʜɪ! I ᴘᴀᴘᴘᴀɢᴀʟʟɪ sɪ ɴᴜᴛʀᴏɴᴏ ɪɴ ғᴀsɪ ᴇ sʟᴀɴᴄɪ. Iɴ Aɢᴏsᴛᴏ, ɴᴏɴ ᴠᴀɴɴᴏ ᴀʟʟᴀ ʀɪᴄᴇʀᴄᴀ ᴅᴇʟʟᴇ sᴛᴇssᴇ ᴄᴏsᴇ ᴄʜᴇ ᴄᴇʀᴄᴀɴᴏ ᴀ Mᴀʀᴢᴏ; ᴠᴏɢʟɪᴏɴᴏ ᴄᴏɴsᴜᴍᴀʀᴇ ᴅᴇɪ ᴄɪʙɪ ᴅɪᴠᴇʀsɪ ɴᴇɪ ɢɪᴏʀɴɪ ᴘɪᴏᴠᴏsɪ ᴄᴏɴ ʙᴀssᴀ ᴘʀᴇssɪᴏɴᴇ, ᴘɪᴜᴛᴛᴏsᴛᴏ ᴄʜᴇ ɪɴ ǫᴜᴇʟʟɪ sᴏʟᴇɢɢɪᴀᴛɪ ᴇ ᴀsᴄɪᴜᴛᴛɪ;
ɪ ʟᴏʀᴏ ᴏʀɢᴀɴɪsᴍɪ ʀɪᴄʜɪᴇᴅᴏɴᴏ ᴜɴᴀ ɴᴜᴛʀɪᴢɪᴏɴᴇ sᴘᴇᴄɪᴀʟᴇ ǫᴜᴀɴᴅᴏ sᴏɴᴏ ᴏʀᴍᴏɴᴀʟɪ ᴇ ᴘʀᴏɴᴛɪ ᴘᴇʀ ʟᴀ ʀɪᴘʀᴏᴅᴜᴢɪᴏɴᴇ, ǫᴜᴀɴᴅᴏ sᴏɴᴏ ɪɴ ᴍᴜᴛᴀ, ǫᴜᴀɴᴅᴏ ɴᴜᴛʀᴏɴᴏ ɪ ɴɪᴅɪᴀᴄᴇɪ, ᴏ ǫᴜᴀɴᴅᴏ sɪ “ʀɪᴘᴏsᴀɴᴏ ᴘᴇʀ ᴘᴀssᴀʀᴇ ʟ'ɪɴᴠᴇʀɴᴏ”, ᴇ ʟᴇ ɢɪᴏʀɴᴀᴛᴇ sᴏɴᴏ ʙʀᴇᴠɪ ᴇ ᴘᴏᴄᴏ ʟᴜᴍɪɴᴏsᴇ. Sᴇ ɪʟ ᴠᴏsᴛʀᴏ ᴘᴀᴘᴘᴀɢᴀʟʟᴏ sᴄᴏᴘʀᴇ ᴜɴ ᴀʟɪᴍᴇɴᴛᴏ ғʀᴇsᴄᴏ sᴀɴᴏ, ᴇ ʟᴏ ᴅᴇsɪᴅᴇʀᴀ, ғᴏʀɴɪᴛᴇɢʟɪᴇʟᴏ sᴘᴇssᴏ ғɪɴᴄʜᴇ́ sᴜᴘᴇʀᴇʀᴀ̀ ǫᴜᴇʟʟᴀ ғᴀsᴇ.
UÉ´'ᴜʟᴛɪᴍᴀ ᴏssᴇʀᴠᴀᴢɪᴏɴᴇ. E' ᴠᴇʀᴏ ᴄʜᴇ ɪ ᴘᴀᴘᴘᴀɢᴀʟʟɪ sᴇʟᴠᴀᴛɪᴄɪ ᴠᴀɴɴᴏ ᴀʟʟᴀ ʀɪᴄᴇʀᴄᴀ ᴅɪ ᴀʟɪᴍᴇɴᴛɪ ʀɪᴄᴄʜɪ ᴅɪ ᴘʀᴏᴛᴇɪɴᴇ ᴇ ᴅɪ ɢʀᴀssɪ, ǫᴜᴇsᴛᴏ ᴘᴇʀᴄʜᴇ́ ʙʀᴜᴄɪᴀɴᴏ ᴍᴏʟᴛᴀ ᴇɴᴇʀɢɪᴀ ᴠɪᴠᴇɴᴅᴏ ɪɴ ɴᴀᴛᴜʀᴀ ᴇ ᴠᴏʟᴀɴᴅᴏ. Aɴᴄʜᴇ ɪ ᴘʀᴏᴘʀɪᴇᴛᴀʀɪ ᴅɪ ᴘᴀᴘᴘᴀɢᴀʟʟɪ ɪɴ ᴄᴀᴛᴛɪᴠɪᴛᴀ̀ ᴅᴏᴠʀᴇʙʙᴇʀᴏ ᴘᴇɴsᴀʀᴇ ᴀʟ ʟᴏʀᴏ ᴄᴏɴsᴜᴍᴏ ᴄᴀʟᴏʀɪᴄᴏ. I ᴘᴀᴘᴘᴀɢᴀʟʟɪ ᴍᴀɴᴛᴇɴᴜᴛɪ ɪɴ ᴀᴍʙɪᴇɴᴛɪ ᴛʀᴏᴘᴘᴏ ᴄᴀʟᴅɪ ᴇ ᴘʀᴏᴛᴇᴛᴛɪ, sᴏɴᴏ ᴜɴ ᴇsᴇᴍᴘɪᴏ.
Lᴇ ᴛᴇᴍᴘᴇʀᴀᴛᴜʀᴇ ᴘɪᴜ̀ ʙᴀssᴇ, ɪʟ ᴠᴇɴᴛᴏ, ʟᴀ ᴘɪᴏɢɢɪᴀ, ɪʟ sᴏʟᴇ, ʟᴀ ᴄᴏɴsᴀᴘᴇᴠᴏʟᴇᴢᴢᴀ ᴇ ʟ'ᴏssᴇʀᴠᴀᴢɪᴏɴᴇ ᴅᴇɢʟɪ ᴜᴄᴄᴇʟʟɪ sᴇʟᴠᴀᴛɪᴄɪ, sᴀʟᴛᴇʟʟᴀʀᴇ, ᴀʀʀᴀᴍᴘɪᴄᴀʀsɪ, ᴀᴘᴘᴇɴᴅᴇʀsɪ ᴀ ᴛᴇsᴛᴀ ɪɴ ɢɪᴜ̀, ғᴏʀᴀɢɢɪᴀʀᴇ, ғᴀʀᴇ ʀᴜᴍᴏʀᴇ, ᴇᴄᴄ. ᴀɪᴜᴛᴀɴᴏ ɪ ᴘᴀᴘᴘᴀɢᴀʟʟɪ ᴀ ʀɪᴍᴀɴᴇʀᴇ ᴀᴛᴛɪᴠɪ ᴇ ᴀ ᴄᴏɴsᴜᴍᴀʀᴇ ᴇɴᴇʀɢɪᴇ. Qᴜᴇsᴛᴀ ᴀᴛᴛɪᴠɪᴛᴀ̀ ᴀᴜᴍᴇɴᴛᴇʀᴀ̀ ɪʟ ʟᴏʀᴏ ᴀᴘᴘᴇᴛɪᴛᴏ, ᴇ ᴀɪᴜᴛᴇʀᴀ̀ ᴀᴅ ɪɴᴅɪʀɪᴢᴢᴀʀᴇ ʟᴇ ʟᴏʀᴏ ᴀʙɪᴛᴜᴅɪɴɪ ᴀʟɪᴍᴇɴᴛᴀʀɪ ᴠᴇʀsᴏ ᴜɴᴀ ᴅɪᴇᴛᴀ ᴄʜᴇ ʟɪ ғᴀ sᴇɴᴛɪʀᴇ sᴄᴀᴛᴛᴀɴᴛɪ, ɪɴ ғᴏʀᴍᴀ, ᴇᴅ ᴇᴍᴏᴛɪᴠᴀᴍᴇɴᴛᴇ ᴠɪɢɪʟɪ.
Pᴏᴛʀᴇᴍᴍᴏ ɴᴏɴ ᴇssᴇʀᴇ ɪɴ ɢʀᴀᴅᴏ ᴅɪ ᴅᴜᴘʟɪᴄᴀʀᴇ ǫᴜᴀɴᴛᴏ ᴠᴏʀʀᴇᴍᴍᴏ, ᴘᴇʀ ɪ ɴᴏsᴛʀɪ ᴘᴀᴘᴘᴀɢᴀʟʟɪ, ʟ'ᴀʟɪᴍᴇɴᴛᴀᴢɪᴏɴᴇ ᴅᴇɪ ᴘᴀᴘᴘᴀɢᴀʟʟɪ sᴇʟᴠᴀᴛɪᴄɪ, ᴍᴀ ᴀʟʟᴀ ғɪɴᴇ ᴘᴇɴsᴏ ᴄʜᴇ ᴜɴ ɢᴇʀᴍᴏɢʟɪᴏ ᴠᴇʀᴅᴇ ᴇ̀ ᴜɴ ɢᴇʀᴍᴏɢʟɪᴏ ᴠᴇʀᴅᴇ, ᴜɴ sᴇᴍᴇ ᴅɪ ᴄᴏᴄᴏᴍᴇʀᴏ, ᴍᴇʟᴏɴᴇ, ᴏ ᴢᴜᴄᴄᴀ ᴇ̀ sᴇᴍᴘʀᴇ ᴜɴ ʙᴜᴏɴ sᴇᴍᴇ, ᴇ ᴜɴ ʙᴏᴄᴄᴏɴᴇ ᴅɪ ᴄᴏᴄᴄᴏ ᴇ̀ sɪᴍɪʟᴇ ᴀ ᴜɴ ᴄᴜᴏʀᴇ ᴅɪ ᴘᴀʟᴍᴀ. Cᴇʀᴄᴀᴛᴇ ᴅɪ ɪᴍᴘᴀʀᴀʀᴇ ᴀ ᴘᴇɴsᴀʀᴇ ᴄᴏᴍᴇ ᴜɴ ᴘᴀᴘᴘᴀɢᴀʟʟᴏ, ᴇ ʀɪᴜsᴄɪʀᴇᴛᴇ ᴀᴅ ᴀʟʟᴀʀɢᴀʀᴇ ᴇɴᴏʀᴍᴇᴍᴇɴᴛᴇ ʟᴇ sᴄᴇʟᴛᴇ ᴀʟɪᴍᴇɴᴛᴀʀɪ ᴘᴇʀ ɪʟ ᴠᴏsᴛʀᴏ sᴛᴏʀᴍᴏ...


venerdì 15 maggio 2020

FORAGING


Iʟ ꜰᴏʀᴀɢɢɪᴀᴍᴇɴᴛᴏ ᴇ̀ ᴜɴᴀ ᴘᴀʀᴛᴇ ɪᴍᴘᴏʀᴛᴀɴᴛᴇ ᴅᴇʟʟᴀ ᴠɪᴛᴀ ǫᴜᴏᴛɪᴅɪᴀɴᴀ ᴅɪ ᴜɴ ᴘᴀᴘᴘᴀɢᴀʟʟᴏ.
Aʀʙᴜsᴛɪ, ᴘɪᴀɴᴛᴇ ᴇ ᴀʟɪᴍᴇɴᴛɪ sᴇʟᴠᴀᴛɪᴄɪ ᴘᴏssᴏɴᴏ ᴀɪᴜᴛᴀʀᴄɪ ᴍᴏʟᴛᴏ ᴀ ꜰᴏʀɴɪʀᴇ ᴘɪᴜ̀ sᴄᴇʟᴛᴇ ᴀʟɪᴍᴇɴᴛᴀʀɪ ᴇ ᴅɪ ᴀʀʀɪᴄᴄʜɪᴍᴇɴᴛᴏ ɪɴ ᴄᴀᴛᴛɪᴠɪᴛᴀ̀ ᴍᴀ ᴠᴀ ᴀɴᴄʜᴇ ʀɪᴄᴏʀᴅᴀᴛᴏ ᴄʜᴇ, ʙᴀsᴀʀsɪ sᴜ ʟɪsᴛᴇ ɢᴇɴᴇʀɪᴄʜᴇ ᴅɪ ᴍᴀᴛᴇʀɪᴀʟɪ sɪᴄᴜʀɪ ᴏ ᴘᴏᴛᴇɴᴢɪᴀʟᴍᴇɴᴛᴇ ᴘᴇʀɪᴄᴏʟᴏsɪ ᴘʀᴇsᴇ ᴅᴀ Iɴᴛᴇʀɴᴇᴛ ɴᴇ' ᴠᴇʀɪꜰɪᴄᴀᴛᴇ ɴᴇ́ ʙᴀsᴀᴛᴇ sᴜ ꜰᴏɴᴛɪ ᴀᴄᴄʀᴇᴅɪᴛᴀᴛᴇ ᴏ sᴛᴜᴅɪ sᴄɪᴇɴᴛɪꜰɪᴄɪ ᴇ̀ ɪɴᴜᴛɪʟᴇ
E ɪɴ ᴜɴᴀ ᴍᴀᴛᴇʀɪᴀ ᴄᴏsɪ̀ ᴅᴇʟɪᴄᴀᴛᴀ ᴄᴏᴍᴇ ǫᴜᴇʟʟᴀ ᴅᴇʟʟᴀ sᴀʟᴜᴛᴇ ᴇ ᴅᴇʟʟᴇ ᴄᴏɴᴏsᴄᴇɴᴢᴇ sᴜɪ ᴘᴀᴘᴘᴀɢᴀʟʟɪ, ɪɴ ᴀssᴇɴᴢᴀ ᴅɪ ʀᴇᴘᴏʀᴛ ᴀᴜᴛᴏʀᴇᴠᴏʟɪ, ɪʟ 𝐖ᴏʀʟᴅ 𝐏ᴀʀʀᴏᴛ 𝐓ʀᴜ𝐬ᴛ ʀɪᴍᴀɴᴇ ᴜɴᴀ ꜰᴏɴᴛᴇ ᴘʀᴇᴢɪᴏsᴀ ᴅᴀʟʟᴀ ǫᴜᴀʟᴇ ᴀᴛᴛɪɴɢᴇʀᴇ ᴅᴀᴛɪ ᴇ ɪɴꜰᴏʀᴍᴀᴢɪᴏɴɪ ꜰᴏɴᴅᴀᴛɪ sᴜ ʀɪᴄᴇʀᴄʜᴇ sᴏʟɪᴅᴇ.
Rɪɴɢʀᴀᴢɪᴏ sᴇᴍᴘʀᴇ ᴇ ᴀɴᴄᴏʀᴀ ᴜɴᴀ ᴠᴏʟᴛᴀ Cristiana Senni
ᴅᴇʟ Wᴏʀʟ Pᴀʀʀᴏᴛ Tʀᴜsᴛ Iᴛᴀʟɪᴀ ᴘᴇʀ ǫᴜᴇsᴛᴏ
ʙᴇʟʟɪssɪᴍᴏ ᴀʀᴛɪᴄᴏʟᴏ sᴜʟʟ’ᴀʟɪᴍᴇɴᴛᴀᴢɪᴏɴᴇ ᴇ sᴜʟʟᴇ ᴘɪᴀɴᴛᴇ sᴇʟᴠᴀᴛɪᴄʜᴇ
ᴀ ᴄᴜɪ, ᴘʀᴇsᴛᴏ, ɴᴇ sᴇɢᴜɪʀᴀ̀ ᴜɴ ᴀʟᴛʀᴏ.
Paola Rossi Abctraining
𝗔𝗟𝗜𝗠𝗘𝗡𝗧𝗔𝗭𝗜𝗢𝗡𝗘 𝗦𝗘𝗟𝗩𝗔𝗧𝗜𝗖𝗔, 𝗣𝗢𝗦𝗦𝗜𝗕𝗜𝗟𝗜𝗧𝗔̀ 𝗜𝗡 𝗖𝗔𝗧𝗧𝗜𝗩𝗜𝗧𝗔̀
𝗣𝗥𝗜𝗠𝗔 𝗣𝗔𝗥𝗧𝗘
𝗗𝗜 𝗝𝗔𝗠𝗜𝗘 𝗚𝗜𝗟𝗔𝗥𝗗𝗜
𝑰 𝒑𝒂𝒑𝒑𝒂𝒈𝒂𝒍𝒍𝒊 𝒔𝒆𝒍𝒗𝒂𝒕𝒊𝒄𝒊 𝒓𝒂𝒈𝒈𝒊𝒖𝒏𝒈𝒐𝒏𝒐 𝒄𝒐𝒍 𝒃𝒆𝒄𝒄𝒐 𝒎𝒐𝒍𝒕𝒊 𝒕𝒊𝒑𝒊 𝒅𝒊 𝒂𝒍𝒊𝒎𝒆𝒏𝒕𝒊, 𝒆 𝒊 𝒍𝒐𝒓𝒐 𝒈𝒖𝒔𝒕𝒊 𝒄𝒂𝒎𝒃𝒊𝒂𝒏𝒐 𝒅𝒊 𝒈𝒊𝒐𝒓𝒏𝒐 𝒊𝒏 𝒈𝒊𝒐𝒓𝒏𝒐, 𝒆 𝒅𝒂 𝒔𝒕𝒂𝒈𝒊𝒐𝒏𝒆 𝒂 𝒔𝒕𝒂𝒈𝒊𝒐𝒏𝒆. 𝑨𝒍𝒍'𝒊𝒏𝒊𝒛𝒊𝒐 𝒅𝒆𝒈𝒍𝒊 𝒂𝒏𝒏𝒊 '90, 𝒅𝒖𝒓𝒂𝒏𝒕𝒆 𝒊 𝒎𝒊𝒆𝒊 𝒔𝒕𝒖𝒅𝒊 𝒅𝒊 𝒍𝒂𝒖𝒓𝒆𝒂, 𝒉𝒐 𝒂𝒗𝒖𝒕𝒐 𝒊𝒍 𝒑𝒓𝒊𝒗𝒊𝒍𝒆𝒈𝒊𝒐 𝒅𝒊 𝒔𝒕𝒖𝒅𝒊𝒂𝒓𝒆 𝒅𝒆𝒍𝒍𝒆 𝒈𝒓𝒂𝒏𝒅𝒊 𝒄𝒐𝒎𝒖𝒏𝒊𝒕𝒂̀ 𝒅𝒊 𝒑𝒂𝒑𝒑𝒂𝒈𝒂𝒍𝒍𝒊 𝒏𝒆𝒍𝒍𝒂 𝒑𝒂𝒓𝒕𝒆 𝒔𝒖𝒅𝒐𝒓𝒊𝒆𝒏𝒕𝒂𝒍𝒆 𝒅𝒆𝒍 𝑷𝒆𝒓𝒖̀, 𝒗𝒊𝒄𝒊𝒏𝒐 𝒂𝒍𝒍𝒆 𝒇𝒂𝒎𝒐𝒔𝒆 𝒓𝒖𝒑𝒊 𝒅𝒊 𝒂𝒓𝒈𝒊𝒍𝒍𝒂 𝒍𝒖𝒏𝒈𝒐 𝒊 𝒇𝒊𝒖𝒎𝒊 𝑴𝒂𝒏𝒖 𝒆 𝑻𝒂𝒎𝒃𝒐𝒑𝒂𝒕𝒂.
𝑰𝒍 𝒎𝒊𝒐 𝒍𝒂𝒗𝒐𝒓𝒐 𝒔𝒊 𝒄𝒐𝒏𝒄𝒆𝒏𝒕𝒓𝒂𝒗𝒂 𝒔𝒖𝒍𝒍𝒐 𝒔𝒄𝒐𝒑𝒓𝒊𝒓𝒆 𝒒𝒖𝒂𝒍𝒊 𝒄𝒊𝒃𝒊 𝒄𝒐𝒏𝒔𝒖𝒎𝒂𝒗𝒂𝒏𝒐 𝒍𝒆 17 𝒔𝒑𝒆𝒄𝒊𝒆 𝒅𝒊 𝒑𝒂𝒑𝒑𝒂𝒈𝒂𝒍𝒍𝒊 𝒄𝒉𝒆 𝒐𝒔𝒔𝒆𝒓𝒗𝒂𝒗𝒂𝒎𝒐 (𝒅𝒂𝒊 𝒑𝒂𝒓𝒓𝒐𝒄𝒄𝒉𝒆𝒕𝒕𝒊 𝒂𝒈𝒍𝒊 𝑨𝒓𝒂), 𝒔𝒊𝒂 𝒅𝒖𝒓𝒂𝒏𝒕𝒆 𝒍𝒂 𝒔𝒕𝒂𝒈𝒊𝒐𝒏𝒆 𝒂𝒓𝒊𝒅𝒂 𝒄𝒉𝒆 𝒊𝒏 𝒒𝒖𝒆𝒍𝒍𝒂 𝒅𝒆𝒍𝒍𝒆 𝒑𝒊𝒐𝒈𝒈𝒆. 𝑨𝒗𝒆𝒏𝒅𝒐 𝒓𝒆𝒄𝒆𝒏𝒕𝒆𝒎𝒆𝒏𝒕𝒆 𝒑𝒖𝒃𝒃𝒍𝒊𝒄𝒂𝒕𝒐 𝒒𝒖𝒆𝒊 𝒓𝒊𝒔𝒖𝒍𝒕𝒂𝒕𝒊, 𝒊𝒏𝒔𝒊𝒆𝒎𝒆 𝒂𝒍 𝒎𝒊𝒐 𝒆𝒙-𝒓𝒆𝒍𝒂𝒕𝒐𝒓𝒆, 𝑪𝒂𝒕𝒉𝒆𝒓𝒊𝒏𝒆 𝑻𝒐𝒇𝒕 (𝒗𝒆𝒅𝒊 𝒘𝒘𝒘.𝒑𝒔𝒊𝒕𝒕𝒂𝒔𝒄𝒆𝒏𝒆.𝒐𝒓𝒈), 𝒎𝒊 𝒆̀ 𝒔𝒆𝒎𝒃𝒓𝒂𝒕𝒐 𝒖𝒏 𝒃𝒖𝒐𝒏 𝒎𝒐𝒎𝒆𝒏𝒕𝒐 𝒑𝒆𝒓 𝒆𝒔𝒑𝒍𝒐𝒓𝒂𝒓𝒆 𝒄𝒐𝒎𝒆 𝒍𝒆 𝒅𝒊𝒆𝒕𝒆 𝒔𝒆𝒍𝒗𝒂𝒕𝒊𝒄𝒉𝒆 𝒑𝒐𝒔𝒔𝒐𝒏𝒐 𝒊𝒏𝒅𝒊𝒓𝒊𝒛𝒛𝒂𝒓𝒆 𝒊𝒍 𝒎𝒐𝒅𝒐 𝒊𝒏 𝒄𝒖𝒊 𝒂𝒍𝒊𝒎𝒆𝒏𝒕𝒊𝒂𝒎𝒐 𝒊 𝒑𝒂𝒑𝒑𝒂𝒈𝒂𝒍𝒍𝒊 𝒊𝒏 𝒄𝒂𝒕𝒕𝒊𝒗𝒊𝒕𝒂̀.
𝑷𝒆𝒓 𝒂𝒑𝒑𝒓𝒐𝒇𝒐𝒏𝒅𝒊𝒓𝒆 𝒒𝒖𝒆𝒔𝒕𝒐 𝒂𝒓𝒈𝒐𝒎𝒆𝒏𝒕𝒐, 𝒂𝒃𝒃𝒊𝒂𝒎𝒐 𝒄𝒉𝒊𝒆𝒔𝒕𝒐 𝒂𝒏𝒄𝒉𝒆 𝒍𝒂 𝒑𝒂𝒓𝒕𝒆𝒄𝒊𝒑𝒂𝒛𝒊𝒐𝒏𝒆 𝒅𝒊 𝑬𝑩 𝑪𝒓𝒂𝒗𝒆𝒏𝒔, 𝒄𝒉𝒆 𝒉𝒂 𝒈𝒆𝒏𝒕𝒊𝒍𝒎𝒆𝒏𝒕𝒆 𝒄𝒐𝒏𝒅𝒊𝒗𝒊𝒔𝒐 𝒍𝒆 𝒔𝒖𝒆 𝒊𝒅𝒆𝒆 𝒄𝒉𝒆 𝒅𝒆𝒓𝒊𝒗𝒂𝒏𝒐 𝒅𝒂𝒊 𝒅𝒆𝒄𝒆𝒏𝒏𝒊 𝒅𝒊 𝒆𝒔𝒑𝒆𝒓𝒊𝒆𝒏𝒛𝒂 𝒏𝒆𝒍 𝒎𝒂𝒏𝒕𝒆𝒏𝒊𝒎𝒆𝒏𝒕𝒐 𝒏𝒂𝒕𝒖𝒓𝒂𝒍𝒆 𝒅𝒆𝒊 𝒑𝒂𝒑𝒑𝒂𝒈𝒂𝒍𝒍𝒊.
𝑪𝒉𝒆 𝒄𝒐𝒔𝒂 𝒂𝒃𝒃𝒊𝒂𝒎𝒐 𝒊𝒎𝒑𝒂𝒓𝒂𝒕𝒐 𝒅𝒂𝒍𝒍𝒆 𝒐𝒓𝒆 𝒑𝒂𝒔𝒔𝒂𝒕𝒆 𝒔𝒖𝒍𝒍𝒆 𝒄𝒊𝒎𝒆 𝒅𝒆𝒈𝒍𝒊 𝒂𝒍𝒃𝒆𝒓𝒊 𝒐𝒔𝒔𝒆𝒓𝒗𝒂𝒏𝒅𝒐 𝒊 𝒑𝒂𝒑𝒑𝒂𝒈𝒂𝒍𝒍𝒊 𝒔𝒆𝒍𝒗𝒂𝒕𝒊𝒄𝒊 𝒄𝒉𝒆 𝒔𝒊 𝒏𝒖𝒕𝒓𝒊𝒗𝒂𝒏𝒐, 𝒆 𝒅𝒂𝒍𝒍𝒆 𝒐𝒓𝒆 𝒊𝒏 𝒍𝒂𝒃𝒐𝒓𝒂𝒕𝒐𝒓𝒊𝒐 𝒂𝒏𝒂𝒍𝒊𝒛𝒛𝒂𝒏𝒅𝒐 𝒈𝒍𝒊 𝒆𝒍𝒆𝒎𝒆𝒏𝒕𝒊 𝒏𝒖𝒕𝒓𝒊𝒛𝒊𝒐𝒏𝒂𝒍𝒊 𝒅𝒊 𝒒𝒖𝒆𝒊 𝒄𝒊𝒃𝒊?
𝑷𝒓𝒊𝒎𝒂 𝒅𝒊 𝒕𝒖𝒕𝒕𝒐, 𝒑𝒂𝒓𝒍𝒊𝒂𝒎𝒐 𝒅𝒆𝒈𝒍𝒊 𝒔𝒑𝒆𝒄𝒊𝒂𝒍𝒊𝒔𝒕𝒊 𝒆 𝒅𝒆𝒊 𝒈𝒆𝒏𝒆𝒓𝒂𝒍𝒊𝒔𝒕𝒊. 𝑨𝒏𝒄𝒉𝒆 𝒔𝒆 𝒏𝒆𝒍𝒍𝒂 𝒄𝒂𝒕𝒆𝒈𝒐𝒓𝒊𝒂 𝒅𝒆𝒈𝒍𝒊 𝒔𝒑𝒆𝒄𝒊𝒂𝒍𝒊𝒔𝒕𝒊 𝒕𝒓𝒐𝒗𝒊𝒂𝒎𝒐 𝒅𝒆𝒊 𝒑𝒂𝒑𝒑𝒂𝒈𝒂𝒍𝒍𝒊 𝒎𝒐𝒍𝒕𝒐 𝒊𝒏𝒕𝒆𝒓𝒆𝒔𝒔𝒂𝒏𝒕𝒊, 𝒄𝒐𝒎𝒆 𝒈𝒍𝒊 𝑨𝒓𝒂 𝒎𝒂𝒏𝒊𝒍𝒂𝒕𝒂, 𝒈𝒍𝒊 𝑨𝒓𝒂 𝒅𝒊 𝑺𝒑𝒊𝒙, 𝒆 𝒈𝒍𝒊 𝑨𝒓𝒂 𝑮𝒊𝒂𝒄𝒊𝒏𝒕𝒐 (𝑶𝒓𝒕𝒉𝒐𝒑𝒔𝒊𝒕𝒕𝒂𝒄𝒂 𝒎𝒂𝒏𝒊𝒍𝒂𝒕𝒂, 𝑨𝒏𝒐𝒅𝒐𝒓𝒉𝒚𝒏𝒄𝒉𝒖𝒔 𝒍𝒆𝒂𝒓𝒊 𝒆 𝑨. 𝒉𝒚𝒂𝒄𝒊𝒏𝒕𝒉𝒊𝒏𝒖𝒔), 𝒐𝒈𝒏𝒖𝒏𝒐 𝒅𝒆𝒊 𝒒𝒖𝒂𝒍𝒊 𝒔𝒊 𝒏𝒖𝒕𝒓𝒆 𝒅𝒊 𝒔𝒐𝒍𝒐 𝒖𝒏𝒐 𝒐 𝒅𝒖𝒆 𝒕𝒊𝒑𝒊 𝒅𝒊 𝒂𝒍𝒊𝒎𝒆𝒏𝒕𝒊, 𝒔𝒐𝒏𝒐 𝒈𝒆𝒏𝒆𝒓𝒂𝒍𝒎𝒆𝒏𝒕𝒆 𝒅𝒆𝒍𝒍𝒆 𝒆𝒄𝒄𝒆𝒛𝒊𝒐𝒏𝒊. 𝑳𝒂 𝒎𝒂𝒈𝒈𝒊𝒐𝒓 𝒑𝒂𝒓𝒕𝒆 𝒅𝒆𝒊 𝒑𝒂𝒑𝒑𝒂𝒈𝒂𝒍𝒍𝒊 𝒔𝒕𝒖𝒅𝒊𝒂𝒕𝒊 𝒇𝒊𝒏𝒐𝒓𝒂 𝒂𝒑𝒑𝒂𝒓𝒕𝒆𝒏𝒈𝒐𝒏𝒐 𝒂𝒍𝒍𝒂 𝒔𝒆𝒄𝒐𝒏𝒅𝒂 𝒄𝒂𝒕𝒆𝒈𝒐𝒓𝒊𝒂.
𝑺𝒊 𝒏𝒖𝒕𝒓𝒐𝒏𝒐 𝒅𝒊 𝒖𝒏'𝒂𝒍𝒊𝒎𝒆𝒏𝒕𝒂𝒛𝒊𝒐𝒏𝒆 𝒎𝒐𝒍𝒕𝒐 𝒗𝒂𝒓𝒊𝒂𝒕𝒂, 𝒄𝒉𝒆 𝒊𝒏𝒄𝒍𝒖𝒅𝒆 𝒑𝒓𝒂𝒕𝒊𝒄𝒂𝒎𝒆𝒏𝒕𝒆 𝒕𝒖𝒕𝒕𝒆 𝒍𝒆 𝒑𝒂𝒓𝒕𝒊 𝒅𝒆𝒍𝒍𝒆 𝒑𝒊𝒂𝒏𝒕𝒆, 𝒄𝒐𝒎𝒆 𝒊 𝒔𝒆𝒎𝒊, 𝒊 𝒇𝒓𝒖𝒕𝒕𝒊, 𝒆 𝒊𝒍 𝒏𝒆𝒕𝒕𝒂𝒓𝒆, 𝒎𝒂 𝒂𝒏𝒄𝒉𝒆 𝒊 𝒇𝒊𝒐𝒓𝒊, 𝒊 𝒈𝒆𝒓𝒎𝒐𝒈𝒍𝒊, 𝒍𝒂 𝒄𝒐𝒓𝒕𝒆𝒄𝒄𝒊𝒂, 𝒊𝒍 𝒍𝒆𝒈𝒏𝒐, 𝒆 𝒍𝒆 𝒇𝒐𝒈𝒍𝒊𝒆.
𝑴𝒐𝒍𝒕𝒆 𝒔𝒑𝒆𝒄𝒊𝒆 𝒔𝒊 𝒂𝒗𝒗𝒆𝒏𝒕𝒖𝒓𝒂𝒏𝒐 𝒐𝒍𝒕𝒓𝒆 𝒊𝒍 𝒓𝒆𝒈𝒏𝒐 𝒗𝒆𝒈𝒆𝒕𝒂𝒍𝒆, 𝒄𝒐𝒏𝒔𝒖𝒎𝒂𝒏𝒅𝒐 𝒊𝒏𝒔𝒆𝒕𝒕𝒊 𝒆 𝒍𝒆 𝒍𝒐𝒓𝒐 𝒍𝒂𝒓𝒗𝒆, 𝒆 𝒊𝒏 𝒂𝒍𝒄𝒖𝒏𝒊 𝒄𝒂𝒔𝒊 𝒍𝒆 𝒍𝒖𝒎𝒂𝒄𝒉𝒆 𝒂𝒄𝒒𝒖𝒂𝒕𝒊𝒄𝒉𝒆. 𝑬𝒔𝒊𝒔𝒕𝒆 𝒂𝒏𝒄𝒉𝒆 𝒖𝒏 𝒑𝒂𝒓𝒓𝒐𝒄𝒄𝒉𝒆𝒕𝒕𝒐 𝒅𝒆𝒍𝒍𝒂 𝑵𝒖𝒐𝒗𝒂 𝒁𝒆𝒍𝒂𝒏𝒅𝒂 𝒄𝒉𝒆 𝒆̀ 𝒔𝒕𝒂𝒕𝒐 𝒐𝒔𝒔𝒆𝒓𝒗𝒂𝒕𝒐 𝒆𝒔𝒕𝒓𝒂𝒓𝒓𝒆 𝒊 𝒏𝒊𝒅𝒊𝒂𝒄𝒆𝒊 𝒅𝒆𝒈𝒍𝒊 𝒖𝒄𝒄𝒆𝒍𝒍𝒊 𝒎𝒂𝒓𝒊𝒏𝒊 𝒅𝒂𝒍𝒍𝒆 𝒄𝒂𝒗𝒊𝒕𝒂̀ 𝒔𝒐𝒕𝒕𝒐 𝒂𝒍 𝒔𝒖𝒐𝒍𝒐 𝒆 𝒎𝒂𝒏𝒈𝒊𝒂𝒓𝒍𝒊 𝒗𝒊𝒗𝒊!
𝑷𝒆𝒓 𝒊 𝒑𝒂𝒑𝒑𝒂𝒈𝒂𝒍𝒍𝒊 𝒑𝒆𝒓𝒖𝒗𝒊𝒂𝒏𝒊 𝒅𝒊 𝒐𝒈𝒏𝒊 𝒈𝒆𝒏𝒆𝒓𝒆, 𝒂𝒃𝒃𝒊𝒂𝒎𝒐 𝒔𝒄𝒐𝒑𝒆𝒓𝒕𝒐 𝒄𝒉𝒆 𝒒𝒖𝒂𝒔𝒊 𝒕𝒖𝒕𝒕𝒆 𝒍𝒆 𝒔𝒑𝒆𝒄𝒊𝒆 𝒔𝒊 𝒏𝒖𝒕𝒓𝒐𝒏𝒐 𝒅𝒊 𝒖𝒏𝒂 𝒈𝒓𝒂𝒏𝒅𝒆 𝒗𝒂𝒓𝒊𝒆𝒕𝒂̀ 𝒅𝒊 𝒄𝒊𝒃𝒊, 𝒎𝒂 𝒑𝒊𝒖̀ 𝒄𝒉𝒆 𝒂𝒍𝒕𝒓𝒐 𝒅𝒊 𝒔𝒆𝒎𝒊 𝒊𝒏 𝒗𝒂𝒓𝒊 𝒔𝒕𝒂𝒅𝒊 𝒅𝒊 𝒎𝒂𝒕𝒖𝒓𝒂𝒛𝒊𝒐𝒏𝒆.
𝑵𝒐𝒏 𝒔𝒐𝒓𝒑𝒓𝒆𝒏𝒅𝒆 𝒄𝒉𝒆 𝒊 𝒑𝒂𝒑𝒑𝒂𝒈𝒂𝒍𝒍𝒊 𝒑𝒓𝒆𝒇𝒆𝒓𝒊𝒗𝒂𝒏𝒐 𝒍𝒆 𝒑𝒂𝒓𝒕𝒊 𝒅𝒆𝒍𝒍𝒆 𝒑𝒊𝒂𝒏𝒕𝒆 𝒄𝒐𝒏 𝒅𝒆𝒊 𝒄𝒐𝒏𝒕𝒆𝒏𝒖𝒕𝒊 𝒂𝒍𝒕𝒊 𝒅𝒊 𝒑𝒓𝒐𝒕𝒆𝒊𝒏𝒆 𝒆 𝒈𝒓𝒂𝒔𝒔𝒊. 𝑻𝒖𝒕𝒕𝒂𝒗𝒊𝒂, 𝒒𝒖𝒆𝒍𝒍𝒐 𝒄𝒉𝒆 𝒄𝒊 𝒉𝒂 𝒄𝒐𝒍𝒑𝒊𝒕𝒊 𝒒𝒖𝒂𝒏𝒅𝒐 𝒂𝒃𝒃𝒊𝒂𝒎𝒐 𝒔𝒗𝒐𝒍𝒕𝒐 𝒍𝒆 𝒂𝒏𝒂𝒍𝒊𝒔𝒊 𝒊𝒏 𝒍𝒂𝒃𝒐𝒓𝒂𝒕𝒐𝒓𝒊𝒐, 𝒆̀ 𝒔𝒕𝒂𝒕𝒐 𝒒𝒖𝒂𝒏𝒕𝒐 𝒒𝒖𝒆𝒔𝒕𝒊 𝒂𝒍𝒊𝒎𝒆𝒏𝒕𝒊 𝒇𝒐𝒔𝒔𝒆𝒓𝒐 𝒓𝒊𝒄𝒄𝒉𝒊 𝒅𝒊 𝒏𝒖𝒕𝒓𝒊𝒆𝒏𝒕𝒊, 𝒂𝒍𝒄𝒖𝒏𝒊 𝒄𝒐𝒏 𝒒𝒖𝒂𝒔𝒊 𝒊𝒍 50% 𝒅𝒊 𝒑𝒓𝒐𝒕𝒆𝒊𝒏𝒆 𝒆𝒅 𝒂𝒍𝒕𝒓𝒊 𝒄𝒐𝒏 𝒐𝒍𝒕𝒓𝒆 𝒊𝒍 50% 𝒅𝒊 𝒈𝒓𝒂𝒔𝒔𝒊.
𝑳'𝒂𝒍𝒕𝒓𝒐 𝒑𝒆𝒛𝒛𝒐 𝒅𝒊 𝒒𝒖𝒆𝒔𝒕𝒐 𝒓𝒐𝒎𝒑𝒊𝒄𝒂𝒑𝒐 𝒄𝒉𝒆 𝒄𝒊 𝒉𝒂 𝒊𝒏𝒕𝒆𝒓𝒆𝒔𝒔𝒂𝒕𝒊 𝒎𝒐𝒍𝒕𝒐, 𝒆̀ 𝒔𝒕𝒂𝒕𝒐 𝒒𝒖𝒂𝒏𝒕𝒐 𝒊 𝒑𝒂𝒑𝒑𝒂𝒈𝒂𝒍𝒍𝒊 𝒇𝒐𝒔𝒔𝒆𝒓𝒐 𝒊𝒎𝒎𝒖𝒏𝒊 𝒂𝒍𝒍𝒆 𝒔𝒐𝒔𝒕𝒂𝒏𝒛𝒆 𝒄𝒉𝒊𝒎𝒊𝒄𝒉𝒆 𝒏𝒆𝒊 𝒍𝒐𝒓𝒐 𝒂𝒍𝒊𝒎𝒆𝒏𝒕𝒊, 𝒈𝒆𝒏𝒆𝒓𝒂𝒍𝒎𝒆𝒏𝒕𝒆 𝒂𝒃𝒃𝒂𝒔𝒕𝒂𝒏𝒛𝒂 𝒕𝒐𝒔𝒔𝒊𝒄𝒉𝒆 𝒑𝒆𝒓 𝒂𝒍𝒕𝒓𝒊 𝒖𝒄𝒄𝒆𝒍𝒍𝒊 𝒆 𝒎𝒂𝒎𝒎𝒊𝒇𝒆𝒓𝒊. 𝑨𝒃𝒃𝒊𝒂𝒎𝒐 𝒂𝒏𝒂𝒍𝒊𝒛𝒛𝒂𝒕𝒐 𝒅𝒊𝒗𝒆𝒓𝒔𝒊 𝒂𝒔𝒑𝒆𝒕𝒕𝒊 𝒅𝒊 𝒕𝒐𝒔𝒔𝒊𝒄𝒊𝒕𝒂̀, 𝒆 𝒂𝒃𝒃𝒊𝒂𝒎𝒐 𝒔𝒄𝒐𝒑𝒆𝒓𝒕𝒐 𝒄𝒉𝒆 𝒊 𝒑𝒂𝒑𝒑𝒂𝒈𝒂𝒍𝒍𝒊 𝒔𝒊 𝒏𝒖𝒕𝒓𝒊𝒗𝒂𝒏𝒐 𝒅𝒊 𝒂𝒍𝒊𝒎𝒆𝒏𝒕𝒊 𝒅𝒊 𝒃𝒖𝒐𝒏𝒂 𝒒𝒖𝒂𝒍𝒊𝒕𝒂̀ 𝒔𝒊𝒂 𝒕𝒐𝒔𝒔𝒊𝒄𝒊 𝒄𝒉𝒆 𝒏𝒐𝒏.
𝑬' 𝒓𝒊𝒔𝒖𝒍𝒕𝒂𝒕𝒐 𝒄𝒉𝒆 𝒒𝒖𝒆𝒔𝒕𝒐 𝒈𝒓𝒖𝒑𝒑𝒐 𝒅𝒊 𝒅𝒊𝒗𝒆𝒓𝒔𝒆 𝒔𝒑𝒆𝒄𝒊𝒆 𝒅𝒊 𝒑𝒂𝒑𝒑𝒂𝒈𝒂𝒍𝒍𝒊 𝒊𝒏𝒄𝒍𝒖𝒅𝒆 𝒎𝒐𝒍𝒕𝒊 𝒑𝒓𝒆𝒅𝒂𝒕𝒐𝒓𝒊 𝒅𝒊 𝒔𝒆𝒎𝒊, 𝒄𝒉𝒆 𝒗𝒐𝒍𝒂𝒏𝒐 𝒑𝒆𝒓 𝒄𝒉𝒊𝒍𝒐𝒎𝒆𝒕𝒓𝒊 𝒏𝒆𝒍𝒍𝒂 𝒇𝒐𝒓𝒆𝒔𝒕𝒂 𝒑𝒍𝒖𝒗𝒊𝒂𝒍𝒆 𝒎𝒂𝒏𝒈𝒊𝒂𝒏𝒅𝒐 𝒒𝒖𝒂𝒔𝒊 𝒕𝒖𝒕𝒕𝒊 𝒊 𝒔𝒆𝒎𝒊 𝒐 𝒊 𝒇𝒓𝒖𝒕𝒕𝒊 𝒏𝒖𝒕𝒓𝒊𝒆𝒏𝒕𝒊 𝒄𝒉𝒆 𝒓𝒊𝒖𝒔𝒄𝒊𝒗𝒂𝒏𝒐 𝒂 𝒓𝒂𝒈𝒈𝒊𝒖𝒏𝒈𝒆𝒓𝒆 𝒄𝒐𝒏 𝒊𝒍 𝒃𝒆𝒄𝒄𝒐. 𝑴𝒂 𝒐𝒍𝒕𝒓𝒆 𝒂𝒍 𝒍𝒐𝒓𝒐 𝒓𝒖𝒐𝒍𝒐 𝒅𝒊 𝒆𝒔𝒑𝒆𝒓𝒕𝒊 𝒑𝒓𝒆𝒅𝒂𝒕𝒐𝒓𝒊 𝒅𝒊 𝒔𝒆𝒎𝒊, 𝒄𝒐𝒎𝒆 𝒑𝒐𝒔𝒔𝒐𝒏𝒐 𝒒𝒖𝒆𝒔𝒕𝒆 𝒊𝒏𝒇𝒐𝒓𝒎𝒂𝒛𝒊𝒐𝒏𝒊 𝒂𝒊𝒖𝒕𝒂𝒓𝒄𝒊 𝒂 𝒎𝒂𝒏𝒕𝒆𝒏𝒆𝒓𝒆 𝒎𝒆𝒈𝒍𝒊𝒐 𝒊 𝒏𝒐𝒔𝒕𝒓𝒊 𝒑𝒂𝒑𝒑𝒂𝒈𝒂𝒍𝒍𝒊?
𝑺𝒊 𝒑𝒖𝒐̀ 𝒊𝒏𝒊𝒛𝒊𝒂𝒓𝒆 𝒕𝒆𝒏𝒆𝒏𝒅𝒐 𝒑𝒓𝒆𝒔𝒆𝒏𝒕𝒆 𝒄𝒉𝒆 𝒑𝒆𝒓 𝒒𝒖𝒆𝒍𝒍𝒐 𝒄𝒉𝒆 𝒓𝒊𝒈𝒖𝒂𝒓𝒅𝒂 𝒍𝒆 𝒆𝒔𝒊𝒈𝒆𝒏𝒛𝒆 𝒂𝒍𝒊𝒎𝒆𝒏𝒕𝒂𝒓𝒊, 𝒊𝒏 𝒑𝒂𝒓𝒕𝒊𝒄𝒐𝒍𝒂𝒓𝒆 𝒊𝒍 𝒕𝒐𝒕𝒂𝒍𝒆 𝒅𝒆𝒍𝒍'𝒂𝒔𝒔𝒖𝒏𝒛𝒊𝒐𝒏𝒆 𝒆𝒏𝒆𝒓𝒈𝒆𝒕𝒊𝒄𝒂, 𝒗𝒊 𝒔𝒐𝒏𝒐 𝒅𝒆𝒍𝒍𝒆 𝒅𝒊𝒇𝒇𝒆𝒓𝒆𝒏𝒛𝒆 𝒔𝒐𝒔𝒕𝒂𝒏𝒛𝒊𝒂𝒍𝒊 𝒕𝒓𝒂 𝒊 𝒑𝒂𝒑𝒑𝒂𝒈𝒂𝒍𝒍𝒊 𝒔𝒆𝒍𝒗𝒂𝒕𝒊𝒄𝒊 𝒆 𝒒𝒖𝒆𝒍𝒍𝒊 𝒊𝒏 𝒄𝒂𝒕𝒕𝒊𝒗𝒊𝒕𝒂̀.
𝑰 𝒑𝒂𝒑𝒑𝒂𝒈𝒂𝒍𝒍𝒊 𝒔𝒆𝒍𝒗𝒂𝒕𝒊𝒄𝒊 𝒑𝒂𝒔𝒔𝒂𝒏𝒐 𝒑𝒂𝒓𝒕𝒆 𝒅𝒆𝒍𝒍𝒂 𝒈𝒊𝒐𝒓𝒏𝒂𝒕𝒂 𝒗𝒐𝒍𝒂𝒏𝒅𝒐, 𝒂 𝒗𝒐𝒍𝒕𝒆 𝒑𝒆𝒓 𝒅𝒊𝒔𝒕𝒂𝒏𝒛𝒆 𝒅𝒊 𝒅𝒆𝒄𝒊𝒏𝒆 𝒅𝒊 𝒄𝒉𝒊𝒍𝒐𝒎𝒆𝒕𝒓𝒊 𝒂𝒍𝒍𝒂 𝒗𝒐𝒍𝒕𝒂. 𝑽𝒐𝒍𝒂𝒓𝒆 𝒉𝒂 𝒖𝒏 𝒂𝒍𝒕𝒐 𝒄𝒐𝒔𝒕𝒐 𝒆𝒏𝒆𝒓𝒈𝒆𝒕𝒊𝒄𝒐, 10-15 𝒗𝒐𝒍𝒕𝒆 𝒑𝒊𝒖̀ 𝒂𝒍𝒕𝒐 𝒅𝒊 𝒒𝒖𝒆𝒍𝒍𝒐 𝒏𝒆𝒄𝒆𝒔𝒔𝒂𝒓𝒊𝒐 𝒑𝒆𝒓 𝒔𝒕𝒂𝒓𝒆 𝒂𝒑𝒑𝒐𝒍𝒍𝒂𝒊𝒂𝒕𝒊 𝒔𝒖 𝒖𝒏 𝒓𝒂𝒎𝒐!
𝑷𝒆𝒓 𝒄𝒖𝒊, 𝒔𝒆 𝒊 𝒑𝒂𝒑𝒑𝒂𝒈𝒂𝒍𝒍𝒊 𝒔𝒆𝒍𝒗𝒂𝒕𝒊𝒄𝒊 𝒔𝒐𝒏𝒐 𝒑𝒊𝒖̀ 𝒐 𝒎𝒆𝒏𝒐 𝒆𝒒𝒖𝒊𝒗𝒂𝒍𝒆𝒏𝒕𝒊 𝒂 𝒅𝒆𝒈𝒍𝒊 𝒂𝒕𝒍𝒆𝒕𝒊 𝒐𝒍𝒊𝒎𝒑𝒊𝒐𝒏𝒊𝒄𝒊, 𝒅𝒆𝒗𝒐𝒏𝒐 𝒎𝒂𝒏𝒈𝒊𝒂𝒓𝒆 𝒅𝒊 𝒄𝒐𝒏𝒔𝒆𝒈𝒖𝒆𝒏𝒛𝒂. 𝑴𝒆𝒏𝒕𝒓𝒆 𝒊 𝒏𝒐𝒔𝒕𝒓𝒊 𝒑𝒂𝒑𝒑𝒂𝒈𝒂𝒍𝒍𝒊 𝒊𝒏 𝒄𝒂𝒕𝒕𝒊𝒗𝒊𝒕𝒂̀ 𝒔𝒐𝒏𝒐, 𝒂 𝒑𝒂𝒓𝒂𝒈𝒐𝒏𝒆, 𝒅𝒆𝒊 𝒗𝒆𝒓𝒊 𝒑𝒊𝒈𝒓𝒐𝒏𝒊. 𝑻𝒆𝒏𝒆𝒏𝒅𝒐 𝒒𝒖𝒆𝒔𝒕𝒐 𝒑𝒓𝒆𝒔𝒆𝒏𝒕𝒆, 𝒑𝒐𝒕𝒓𝒂̀ 𝒆𝒔𝒔𝒆𝒓𝒆 𝒖𝒕𝒊𝒍𝒆 𝒄𝒐𝒏𝒄𝒆𝒏𝒕𝒓𝒂𝒓𝒄𝒊 𝒔𝒖 𝒅𝒖𝒆 𝒂𝒔𝒑𝒆𝒕𝒕𝒊 𝒅𝒆𝒍𝒍'𝒂𝒍𝒊𝒎𝒆𝒏𝒕𝒂𝒛𝒊𝒐𝒏𝒆 𝒅𝒆𝒊 𝒑𝒂𝒑𝒑𝒂𝒈𝒂𝒍𝒍𝒊 𝒔𝒆𝒍𝒗𝒂𝒕𝒊𝒄𝒊 𝒄𝒉𝒆 𝒑𝒐𝒔𝒔𝒐𝒏𝒐 𝒈𝒖𝒊𝒅𝒂𝒓𝒄𝒊 𝒏𝒆𝒍 𝒎𝒂𝒏𝒕𝒆𝒏𝒊𝒎𝒆𝒏𝒕𝒐 𝒅𝒊 𝒒𝒖𝒆𝒍𝒍𝒊 𝒊𝒏 𝒄𝒂𝒕𝒕𝒊𝒗𝒊𝒕𝒂̀: 𝒅𝒊𝒗𝒆𝒓𝒔𝒊𝒕𝒂̀ 𝒆 𝒕𝒐𝒔𝒔𝒊𝒏𝒆.
𝑰 𝒑𝒂𝒑𝒑𝒂𝒈𝒂𝒍𝒍𝒊 𝒔𝒆𝒍𝒗𝒂𝒕𝒊𝒄𝒊 𝒊𝒏𝒅𝒊𝒄𝒂𝒏𝒐 𝒄𝒉𝒊𝒂𝒓𝒂𝒎𝒆𝒏𝒕𝒆 𝒄𝒉𝒆 𝒍𝒂 𝒅𝒊𝒗𝒆𝒓𝒔𝒊𝒕𝒂̀ 𝒂𝒍𝒊𝒎𝒆𝒏𝒕𝒂𝒓𝒆 𝒆̀ 𝒑𝒐𝒔𝒊𝒕𝒊𝒗𝒂. 𝑴𝒂 𝒂𝒏𝒄𝒉𝒆 𝒔𝒆 𝒄𝒆𝒓𝒄𝒉𝒊𝒂𝒎𝒐 𝒅𝒊 𝒇𝒐𝒓𝒏𝒊𝒓𝒆 𝒖𝒏𝒂 𝒗𝒂𝒓𝒊𝒆𝒕𝒂̀ 𝒅𝒊 𝒂𝒍𝒊𝒎𝒆𝒏𝒕𝒊 𝒏𝒖𝒐𝒗𝒊 𝒆 𝒗𝒂𝒓𝒊𝒂𝒕𝒊, 𝒍𝒂 𝒓𝒆𝒂𝒍𝒕𝒂̀ 𝒆̀ 𝒄𝒉𝒆 𝒑𝒖𝒐̀ 𝒆𝒔𝒔𝒆𝒓𝒆 𝒅𝒊𝒇𝒇𝒊𝒄𝒊𝒍𝒆 𝒇𝒂𝒓𝒈𝒍𝒊𝒆𝒍𝒊 𝒂𝒄𝒄𝒆𝒕𝒕𝒂𝒓𝒆. 𝑳'𝒂𝒏𝒏𝒐 𝒔𝒄𝒐𝒓𝒔𝒐, 𝒒𝒖𝒊 𝒏𝒆𝒍 𝒏𝒐𝒓𝒅 𝒅𝒆𝒍𝒍𝒂 𝑪𝒂𝒍𝒊𝒇𝒐𝒓𝒏𝒊𝒂, 𝒂𝒃𝒃𝒊𝒂𝒎𝒐 𝒂𝒅𝒐𝒕𝒕𝒂𝒕𝒐 𝒅𝒖𝒆 𝒑𝒂𝒑𝒑𝒂𝒈𝒂𝒍𝒍𝒊 𝑪𝒆𝒏𝒆𝒓𝒊𝒏𝒊. 𝑺𝒕𝒂𝒏𝒏𝒐 𝒆𝒏𝒕𝒓𝒂𝒏𝒅𝒐 𝒏𝒆𝒍𝒍𝒂 𝒕𝒆𝒓𝒛𝒂 𝒆 𝒒𝒖𝒂𝒓𝒕𝒂 𝒅𝒆𝒄𝒂𝒅𝒆 𝒅𝒊 𝒆𝒕𝒂̀, 𝒆 𝒉𝒂𝒏𝒏𝒐 𝒅𝒆𝒍𝒍𝒆 𝒂𝒃𝒊𝒕𝒖𝒅𝒊𝒏𝒊 𝒎𝒐𝒍𝒕𝒐 𝒓𝒂𝒅𝒊𝒄𝒂𝒕𝒆, 𝒔𝒑𝒆𝒄𝒊𝒂𝒍𝒎𝒆𝒏𝒕𝒆 𝒑𝒆𝒓 𝒒𝒖𝒂𝒏𝒕𝒐 𝒓𝒊𝒈𝒖𝒂𝒓𝒅𝒂 𝒍𝒆 𝒄𝒊𝒐𝒕𝒐𝒍𝒆 𝒅𝒆𝒍 𝒄𝒊𝒃𝒐. 𝑨𝒃𝒃𝒊𝒂𝒎𝒐 𝒗𝒊𝒔𝒕𝒐 𝒄𝒉𝒆 𝒊𝒏𝒕𝒓𝒐𝒅𝒖𝒓𝒓𝒆 𝒏𝒖𝒐𝒗𝒊 𝒂𝒍𝒊𝒎𝒆𝒏𝒕𝒊 𝒓𝒊𝒄𝒉𝒊𝒆𝒅𝒆 𝒖𝒏𝒂 𝒄𝒐𝒎𝒃𝒊𝒏𝒂𝒛𝒊𝒐𝒏𝒆 𝒅𝒊 𝒄𝒐𝒔𝒕𝒂𝒏𝒛𝒂 𝒆 𝒑𝒂𝒛𝒊𝒆𝒏𝒛𝒂. 𝑬 𝒎𝒐𝒍𝒕𝒐 𝒔𝒑𝒆𝒔𝒔𝒐, 𝒒𝒖𝒂𝒏𝒅𝒐 𝒔𝒕𝒊𝒂𝒎𝒐 𝒑𝒆𝒓 𝒅𝒂𝒓𝒄𝒊 𝒗𝒊𝒏𝒕𝒊, 𝒔𝒊 𝒊𝒏𝒕𝒆𝒓𝒆𝒔𝒔𝒂𝒏𝒐 𝒂𝒍𝒍'𝒊𝒎𝒑𝒓𝒐𝒗𝒗𝒊𝒔𝒐 𝒂𝒍𝒍𝒂 𝒏𝒐𝒗𝒊𝒕𝒂̀ 𝒆 𝒄𝒐𝒎𝒊𝒏𝒄𝒊𝒂𝒏𝒐 𝒂 𝒎𝒂𝒏𝒈𝒊𝒂𝒓𝒍𝒂 𝒄𝒐𝒏 𝒗𝒊𝒈𝒐𝒓𝒆.
𝑨𝒏𝒅𝒂𝒏𝒅𝒐 𝒐𝒍𝒕𝒓𝒆 𝒊 𝒔𝒆𝒎𝒊 𝒆 𝒈𝒍𝒊 𝒆𝒔𝒕𝒓𝒖𝒔𝒊, 𝒔𝒊 𝒑𝒖𝒐̀ 𝒊𝒏𝒊𝒛𝒊𝒂𝒓𝒆 𝒇𝒂𝒄𝒊𝒍𝒎𝒆𝒏𝒕𝒆 𝒆 𝒄𝒐𝒏 𝒔𝒊𝒄𝒖𝒓𝒆𝒛𝒛𝒂 𝒅𝒂𝒈𝒍𝒊 𝒂𝒍𝒊𝒎𝒆𝒏𝒕𝒊 𝒖𝒎𝒂𝒏𝒊. 𝑻𝒖𝒕𝒕𝒐 𝒄𝒊𝒐̀ 𝒄𝒉𝒆 𝒆̀ 𝒅𝒊𝒔𝒑𝒐𝒏𝒊𝒃𝒊𝒍𝒆 𝒏𝒆𝒍 𝒓𝒆𝒑𝒂𝒓𝒕𝒐 𝒅𝒆𝒈𝒍𝒊 𝒐𝒓𝒕𝒂𝒈𝒈𝒊 𝒆̀ 𝒔𝒊𝒄𝒖𝒓𝒐 𝒆 𝒑𝒖𝒐̀ 𝒆𝒔𝒔𝒆𝒓𝒆 𝒖𝒔𝒂𝒕𝒐, 𝒄𝒐𝒏 𝒍𝒂 𝒑𝒐𝒔𝒔𝒊𝒃𝒊𝒍𝒆 𝒆𝒄𝒄𝒆𝒛𝒊𝒐𝒏𝒆 𝒅𝒆𝒍𝒍'𝒂𝒗𝒐𝒄𝒂𝒅𝒐 (𝒂𝒏𝒄𝒉𝒆 𝒔𝒆 𝒍𝒆 𝑨𝒎𝒂𝒛𝒛𝒐𝒏𝒊 𝒔𝒆𝒍𝒗𝒂𝒕𝒊𝒄𝒉𝒆 𝒂 𝑳𝒐𝒔 𝑨𝒏𝒈𝒆𝒍𝒆𝒔 𝒔𝒆𝒎𝒃𝒓𝒂 𝒄𝒉𝒆 𝒏𝒆 𝒗𝒂𝒅𝒂𝒏𝒐 𝒎𝒂𝒕𝒕𝒆).
𝑪𝒐𝒎𝒆 𝒊 𝒍𝒐𝒓𝒐 𝒄𝒖𝒈𝒊𝒏𝒊 𝒔𝒆𝒍𝒗𝒂𝒕𝒊𝒄𝒊, 𝒆̀ 𝒑𝒓𝒐𝒃𝒂𝒃𝒊𝒍𝒆 𝒄𝒉𝒆 𝒂𝒏𝒄𝒉𝒆 𝒊 𝒗𝒐𝒔𝒕𝒓𝒊 𝒑𝒂𝒑𝒑𝒂𝒈𝒂𝒍𝒍𝒊 𝒑𝒓𝒆𝒇𝒆𝒓𝒊𝒓𝒂𝒏𝒏𝒐 𝒊 𝒄𝒊𝒃𝒊 𝒈𝒓𝒂𝒔𝒔𝒊 𝒐 𝒓𝒊𝒄𝒄𝒉𝒊 𝒅𝒊 𝒑𝒓𝒐𝒕𝒆𝒊𝒏𝒆, 𝒔𝒑𝒆𝒄𝒊𝒂𝒍𝒎𝒆𝒏𝒕𝒆 𝒒𝒖𝒂𝒏𝒅𝒐 𝒈𝒍𝒊 𝒗𝒆𝒏𝒈𝒐𝒏𝒐 𝒐𝒇𝒇𝒆𝒓𝒕𝒊 𝒑𝒆𝒓 𝒍𝒂 𝒑𝒓𝒊𝒎𝒂 𝒗𝒐𝒍𝒕𝒂. 𝑨 𝒗𝒐𝒍𝒕𝒆, 𝒂𝒑𝒑𝒆𝒏𝒅𝒆𝒓𝒆 𝒊 𝒄𝒊𝒃𝒊 𝒊𝒏𝒕𝒆𝒓𝒊, 𝒊𝒏𝒇𝒊𝒍𝒂𝒕𝒊 𝒔𝒖 𝒖𝒏𝒐 𝒔𝒑𝒂𝒈𝒐 𝒐 𝒔𝒖 𝒖𝒏 𝒇𝒊𝒍𝒐 𝒎𝒆𝒕𝒂𝒍𝒍𝒊𝒄𝒐 (𝒄𝒂𝒓𝒐𝒕𝒆, 𝒔𝒆𝒅𝒂𝒏𝒐, 𝒎𝒆𝒍𝒆, 𝒎𝒆𝒍𝒐𝒈𝒓𝒂𝒏𝒐) 𝒍𝒊 𝒓𝒆𝒏𝒅𝒆 𝒅𝒆𝒊 '𝒈𝒊𝒐𝒄𝒉𝒊' 𝒅𝒊𝒔𝒕𝒓𝒖𝒕𝒕𝒊𝒃𝒊𝒍𝒊, 𝒄𝒉𝒆 𝒏𝒆𝒍 𝒕𝒆𝒎𝒑𝒐 𝒑𝒖𝒐̀ 𝒂𝒏𝒄𝒉𝒆 𝒗𝒂𝒍𝒆𝒓 𝒍𝒂 𝒑𝒆𝒏𝒂 𝒎𝒂𝒏𝒈𝒊𝒂𝒓𝒆. 𝑨𝒏𝒄𝒉𝒆 𝒈𝒍𝒊 𝒂𝒗𝒂𝒏𝒛𝒊 𝒅𝒆𝒊 𝒏𝒐𝒔𝒕𝒓𝒊 𝒑𝒂𝒔𝒕𝒊 𝒔𝒐𝒏𝒐 𝒖𝒏 𝒎𝒐𝒅𝒐 𝒔𝒆𝒎𝒑𝒍𝒊𝒄𝒆 𝒆 𝒔𝒊𝒄𝒖𝒓𝒐 𝒑𝒆𝒓 𝒂𝒈𝒈𝒊𝒖𝒏𝒈𝒆𝒓𝒆 𝒗𝒂𝒓𝒊𝒆𝒕𝒂̀ 𝒂𝒍𝒍'𝒂𝒍𝒊𝒎𝒆𝒏𝒕𝒂𝒛𝒊𝒐𝒏𝒆 𝒅𝒆𝒊 𝒑𝒂𝒑𝒑𝒂𝒈𝒂𝒍𝒍𝒊. 𝑨𝒏𝒄𝒉𝒆 𝒏𝒐𝒊 𝒔𝒊𝒂𝒎𝒐 𝒐𝒏𝒏𝒊𝒗𝒐𝒓𝒊, 𝒆 𝒂 𝒑𝒂𝒕𝒕𝒐 𝒅𝒊 𝒐𝒇𝒇𝒓𝒊𝒓𝒆 𝒅𝒆𝒊 𝒄𝒊𝒃𝒊 𝒔𝒂𝒏𝒊, 𝒄𝒐𝒎𝒆 𝒒𝒖𝒆𝒍𝒍𝒊 𝒄𝒉𝒆 𝒅𝒂𝒓𝒆𝒎𝒎𝒐 𝒕𝒓𝒂𝒏𝒒𝒖𝒊𝒍𝒍𝒂𝒎𝒆𝒏𝒕𝒆 𝒂 𝒖𝒏 𝒃𝒂𝒎𝒃𝒊𝒏𝒐 𝒑𝒊𝒄𝒄𝒐𝒍𝒐, 𝒔𝒂𝒓𝒂𝒏𝒏𝒐 𝒔𝒊𝒂 𝒔𝒊𝒄𝒖𝒓𝒊 𝒄𝒉𝒆 𝒔𝒕𝒊𝒎𝒐𝒍𝒂𝒏𝒕𝒊.
𝑳'𝒂𝒓𝒈𝒐𝒎𝒆𝒏𝒕𝒐 𝒕𝒐𝒔𝒔𝒊𝒏𝒆 𝒆̀ 𝒑𝒊𝒖̀ 𝒄𝒐𝒎𝒑𝒍𝒊𝒄𝒂𝒕𝒐, 𝒔𝒊𝒂 𝒑𝒆𝒓𝒄𝒉𝒆́ 𝒈𝒆𝒏𝒆𝒓𝒂𝒍𝒎𝒆𝒏𝒕𝒆 𝒍𝒆 𝒔𝒕𝒆𝒔𝒔𝒆 𝒑𝒊𝒂𝒏𝒕𝒆 𝒔𝒆𝒍𝒗𝒂𝒕𝒊𝒄𝒉𝒆 𝒑𝒐𝒔𝒔𝒐𝒏𝒐 𝒄𝒐𝒏𝒕𝒆𝒏𝒆𝒓𝒆 𝒖𝒏𝒂 𝒔𝒕𝒓𝒖𝒕𝒕𝒖𝒓𝒂 𝒄𝒉𝒊𝒎𝒊𝒄𝒂 𝒄𝒐𝒎𝒑𝒍𝒆𝒔𝒔𝒂, 𝒎𝒂 𝒂𝒏𝒄𝒉𝒆 𝒑𝒆𝒓𝒄𝒉𝒆́ 𝒊𝒍 𝒍𝒊𝒗𝒆𝒍𝒍𝒐 𝒊𝒏 𝒄𝒖𝒊 𝒍𝒆 𝒅𝒊𝒗𝒆𝒓𝒔𝒆 𝒔𝒑𝒆𝒄𝒊𝒆 𝒅𝒊 𝒑𝒂𝒑𝒑𝒂𝒈𝒂𝒍𝒍𝒊 𝒓𝒆𝒂𝒈𝒊𝒔𝒄𝒐𝒏𝒐 𝒂 𝒒𝒖𝒆𝒔𝒕𝒆 𝒕𝒐𝒔𝒔𝒊𝒏𝒆 𝒆̀ 𝒎𝒐𝒍𝒕𝒐 𝒗𝒂𝒓𝒊𝒂𝒃𝒊𝒍𝒆.
𝑻𝒆𝒏𝒆𝒏𝒅𝒐 𝒑𝒓𝒆𝒔𝒆𝒏𝒕𝒆 𝒒𝒖𝒆𝒔𝒕𝒐 𝒇𝒂𝒕𝒕𝒐, 𝒖𝒏𝒂 𝒄𝒐𝒔𝒂 𝒆̀ 𝒕𝒐𝒕𝒂𝒍𝒎𝒆𝒏𝒕𝒆 𝒄𝒉𝒊𝒂𝒓𝒂: 𝒊 𝒑𝒂𝒑𝒑𝒂𝒈𝒂𝒍𝒍𝒊 𝒔𝒆𝒍𝒗𝒂𝒕𝒊𝒄𝒊 𝒔𝒊 𝒔𝒐𝒏𝒐 𝒆𝒗𝒐𝒍𝒖𝒕𝒊 𝒑𝒆𝒓 𝒎𝒊𝒈𝒍𝒊𝒂𝒊𝒂 𝒅𝒊 𝒂𝒏𝒏𝒊 𝒑𝒓𝒐𝒔𝒑𝒆𝒓𝒂𝒏𝒅𝒐 𝒔𝒖 𝒂𝒍𝒊𝒎𝒆𝒏𝒕𝒊 𝒔𝒆𝒍𝒗𝒂𝒕𝒊𝒄𝒊 𝒄𝒉𝒆 𝒄𝒐𝒏𝒕𝒆𝒏𝒈𝒐𝒏𝒐, 𝒒𝒖𝒂𝒔𝒊 𝒕𝒖𝒕𝒕𝒊, 𝒖𝒏𝒂 𝒗𝒂𝒓𝒊𝒆𝒕𝒂̀ 𝒔𝒕𝒖𝒑𝒆𝒇𝒂𝒄𝒆𝒏𝒕𝒆 𝒅𝒊 𝒔𝒐𝒔𝒕𝒂𝒏𝒛𝒆 𝒄𝒉𝒊𝒎𝒊𝒄𝒉𝒆.
𝑺𝒐𝒍𝒐 𝒅𝒐𝒑𝒐 𝒄𝒉𝒆 𝒍'𝒖𝒐𝒎𝒐 𝒉𝒂 𝒂𝒅𝒅𝒐𝒎𝒆𝒔𝒕𝒊𝒄𝒂𝒕𝒐 𝒍𝒆 𝒑𝒊𝒂𝒏𝒕𝒆, 𝒔𝒐𝒏𝒐 𝒂𝒑𝒑𝒂𝒓𝒔𝒆 𝒒𝒖𝒆𝒍𝒍𝒆 𝒑𝒂𝒓𝒕𝒊 𝒄𝒉𝒆 𝒏𝒐𝒊 𝒐𝒓𝒂 𝒄𝒐𝒏𝒔𝒊𝒅𝒆𝒓𝒊𝒂𝒎𝒐 𝒄𝒐𝒎𝒆 “𝒄𝒊𝒃𝒐”. 𝑴𝒂𝒏𝒊𝒑𝒐𝒍𝒂𝒏𝒅𝒐 𝒍𝒆 𝒑𝒊𝒂𝒏𝒕𝒆 𝒕𝒓𝒂𝒎𝒊𝒕𝒆 𝒍𝒂 𝒓𝒊𝒑𝒓𝒐𝒅𝒖𝒛𝒊𝒐𝒏𝒆 𝒔𝒆𝒍𝒆𝒕𝒕𝒊𝒗𝒂, 𝒂𝒃𝒃𝒊𝒂𝒎𝒐 𝒆𝒍𝒊𝒎𝒊𝒏𝒂𝒕𝒐 𝒒𝒖𝒂𝒔𝒊 𝒕𝒖𝒕𝒕𝒂 𝒍𝒂 𝒍𝒐𝒓𝒐 𝒄𝒐𝒎𝒑𝒍𝒆𝒔𝒔𝒊𝒕𝒂̀ 𝒄𝒉𝒊𝒎𝒊𝒄𝒂. 𝑨𝒍𝒍𝒐𝒓𝒂, 𝒄𝒐𝒎𝒆 𝒑𝒐𝒔𝒔𝒊𝒂𝒎𝒐 𝒕𝒓𝒂𝒅𝒖𝒓𝒓𝒆 𝒍𝒂 𝒔𝒄𝒊𝒆𝒏𝒛𝒂 𝒑𝒆𝒓 𝒐𝒕𝒕𝒆𝒏𝒆𝒓𝒆 𝒖𝒏𝒂 𝒈𝒖𝒊𝒅𝒂 𝒖𝒕𝒊𝒍𝒆 𝒆 𝒔𝒊𝒄𝒖𝒓𝒂 𝒑𝒆𝒓 𝒏𝒖𝒕𝒓𝒊𝒓𝒆 𝒊 𝒏𝒐𝒔𝒕𝒓𝒊 𝒑𝒂𝒑𝒑𝒂𝒈𝒂𝒍𝒍𝒊?
𝑸𝒖𝒆𝒔𝒕𝒊 𝒔𝒐𝒏𝒐 𝒅𝒖𝒆 𝒂𝒑𝒑𝒓𝒐𝒄𝒄𝒊 𝒄𝒉𝒆 𝒗𝒂𝒍𝒆 𝒍𝒂 𝒑𝒆𝒏𝒂 𝒕𝒆𝒏𝒕𝒂𝒓𝒆.
𝑼𝒏𝒂 𝒑𝒐𝒔𝒔𝒊𝒃𝒊𝒍𝒊𝒕𝒂̀, 𝒆̀ 𝒒𝒖𝒆𝒍𝒍𝒂 𝒅𝒊 𝒐𝒇𝒇𝒓𝒊𝒓𝒆 𝒅𝒆𝒍𝒍𝒆 𝒑𝒊𝒄𝒄𝒐𝒍𝒆 𝒒𝒖𝒂𝒏𝒕𝒊𝒕𝒂̀ (𝒏𝒐𝒏 𝒕𝒓𝒂𝒕𝒕𝒂𝒕𝒆 𝒄𝒐𝒏 𝒔𝒐𝒔𝒕𝒂𝒏𝒛𝒆 𝒄𝒉𝒊𝒎𝒊𝒄𝒉𝒆) 𝒅𝒊 𝒇𝒓𝒖𝒕𝒕𝒊, 𝒇𝒊𝒐𝒓𝒊, 𝒆 𝒏𝒐𝒄𝒊, 𝒑𝒓𝒐𝒗𝒆𝒏𝒊𝒆𝒏𝒕𝒊 𝒅𝒂𝒍 𝒗𝒐𝒔𝒕𝒓𝒐 𝒈𝒊𝒂𝒓𝒅𝒊𝒏𝒐 𝒐 𝒅𝒂𝒍𝒍𝒆 𝒛𝒐𝒏𝒆 𝒗𝒊𝒄𝒊𝒏𝒆, 𝒑𝒆𝒓 𝒗𝒂𝒍𝒖𝒕𝒂𝒓𝒆 𝒍'𝒊𝒏𝒕𝒆𝒓𝒆𝒔𝒔𝒆 𝒄𝒉𝒆 𝒅𝒆𝒔𝒕𝒂𝒏𝒐 𝒏𝒆𝒊 𝒑𝒂𝒑𝒑𝒂𝒈𝒂𝒍𝒍𝒊. 𝑶𝒔𝒔𝒆𝒓𝒗𝒂𝒕𝒆 𝒈𝒍𝒊 𝒖𝒄𝒄𝒆𝒍𝒍𝒊 𝒔𝒆𝒍𝒗𝒂𝒕𝒊𝒄𝒊 𝒏𝒆𝒍𝒍𝒂 𝒗𝒐𝒔𝒕𝒓𝒂 𝒛𝒐𝒏𝒂 𝒑𝒆𝒓 𝒗𝒆𝒅𝒆𝒓𝒆 𝒅𝒊 𝒄𝒐𝒔𝒂 𝒔𝒊 𝒏𝒖𝒕𝒓𝒐𝒏𝒐, 𝒆 𝒐𝒇𝒇𝒓𝒊𝒕𝒆 𝒈𝒍𝒊 𝒔𝒕𝒆𝒔𝒔𝒊 𝒂𝒍𝒊𝒎𝒆𝒏𝒕𝒊 𝒂𝒊 𝒗𝒐𝒔𝒕𝒓𝒊 𝒑𝒂𝒑𝒑𝒂𝒈𝒂𝒍𝒍𝒊.
𝑪𝒐𝒏 𝒊 𝒏𝒐𝒔𝒕𝒓𝒊 𝑪𝒆𝒏𝒆𝒓𝒊𝒏𝒊 𝒂𝒃𝒃𝒊𝒂𝒎𝒐 𝒂𝒗𝒖𝒕𝒐 𝒇𝒐𝒓𝒕𝒖𝒏𝒂 𝒄𝒐𝒏 𝒊𝒍 𝒍𝒊𝒈𝒖𝒔𝒕𝒓𝒐, 𝒍𝒆 𝒐𝒍𝒊𝒗𝒆 𝒎𝒐𝒍𝒕𝒐 𝒎𝒂𝒕𝒖𝒓𝒆, 𝒆 𝒂𝒍𝒄𝒖𝒏𝒊 𝒇𝒓𝒖𝒕𝒕𝒊 𝒅𝒊 𝑷𝒊𝒕𝒕𝒐𝒔𝒇𝒐𝒓𝒐. 𝑬' 𝒊𝒏𝒕𝒆𝒓𝒆𝒔𝒔𝒂𝒏𝒕𝒆 𝒐𝒔𝒔𝒆𝒓𝒗𝒂𝒓𝒆 𝒄𝒐𝒎𝒆, 𝒒𝒖𝒂𝒏𝒅𝒐 𝒒𝒖𝒆𝒔𝒕𝒊 𝒆𝒅 𝒂𝒍𝒕𝒓𝒊 𝒂𝒍𝒊𝒎𝒆𝒏𝒕𝒊 𝒈𝒍𝒊 𝒗𝒆𝒏𝒈𝒐𝒏𝒐 𝒐𝒇𝒇𝒆𝒓𝒕𝒊 𝒔𝒖𝒊 𝒓𝒂𝒎𝒊, 𝒔𝒑𝒆𝒔𝒔𝒐 𝒊 𝒑𝒂𝒑𝒑𝒂𝒈𝒂𝒍𝒍𝒊 𝒓𝒊𝒎𝒖𝒐𝒗𝒐𝒏𝒐 𝒍𝒂 𝒄𝒐𝒓𝒕𝒆𝒄𝒄𝒊𝒂 𝒅𝒂𝒊 𝒓𝒂𝒎𝒊, 𝒂 𝒗𝒐𝒍𝒕𝒆 𝒊𝒈𝒏𝒐𝒓𝒂𝒏𝒅𝒐 𝒄𝒐𝒎𝒑𝒍𝒆𝒕𝒂𝒎𝒆𝒏𝒕𝒆 𝒊 𝒇𝒓𝒖𝒕𝒕𝒊. 𝑸𝒖𝒆𝒔𝒕𝒐 𝒎𝒊 𝒑𝒐𝒓𝒕𝒂 𝒂𝒍𝒍𝒂 𝒔𝒆𝒄𝒐𝒏𝒅𝒂 𝒑𝒐𝒔𝒔𝒊𝒃𝒊𝒍𝒊𝒕𝒂̀.
𝑺𝒑𝒆𝒔𝒔𝒐, 𝒊𝒍 𝒕𝒆𝒓𝒎𝒊𝒏𝒆 “𝒇𝒐𝒓𝒂𝒈𝒈𝒊𝒂𝒎𝒆𝒏𝒕𝒐”, 𝒄𝒊 𝒇𝒂 𝒑𝒆𝒏𝒔𝒂𝒓𝒆 𝒂𝒊 𝒓𝒂𝒎𝒊 𝒇𝒓𝒆𝒔𝒄𝒉𝒊, 𝒇𝒐𝒓𝒏𝒊𝒕𝒊 𝒂𝒊 𝒑𝒂𝒑𝒑𝒂𝒈𝒂𝒍𝒍𝒊 𝒑𝒆𝒓 𝒅𝒂𝒓𝒈𝒍𝒊 𝒒𝒖𝒂𝒍𝒄𝒐𝒔𝒂 𝒅𝒂 𝒎𝒐𝒓𝒅𝒆𝒓𝒆, 𝒖𝒏 𝒂𝒓𝒓𝒊𝒄𝒄𝒉𝒊𝒎𝒆𝒏𝒕𝒐 𝒆 𝒖𝒏𝒂 𝒇𝒐𝒓𝒎𝒂 𝒅𝒊 𝒆𝒔𝒆𝒓𝒄𝒊𝒛𝒊𝒐 𝒑𝒆𝒓 𝒊 𝒎𝒖𝒔𝒄𝒐𝒍𝒊 𝒅𝒆𝒍𝒍𝒂 𝒎𝒂𝒔𝒄𝒆𝒍𝒍𝒂, 𝒆 𝒖𝒏 𝒎𝒐𝒅𝒐 𝒑𝒆𝒓 𝒎𝒂𝒏𝒕𝒆𝒏𝒆𝒓𝒆 𝒊𝒏 𝒇𝒐𝒓𝒎𝒂 𝒊𝒍 𝒃𝒆𝒄𝒄𝒐. 𝑷𝒐𝒕𝒓𝒆𝒔𝒕𝒆 𝒔𝒄𝒐𝒑𝒓𝒊𝒓𝒆 𝒄𝒉𝒆 𝒊 𝒗𝒐𝒔𝒕𝒓𝒊 𝒑𝒂𝒑𝒑𝒂𝒈𝒂𝒍𝒍𝒊 𝒏𝒐𝒏 𝒔𝒊 𝒍𝒊𝒎𝒊𝒕𝒂𝒏𝒐 𝒂 𝒅𝒊𝒔𝒕𝒓𝒖𝒈𝒈𝒆𝒓𝒍𝒊 𝒎𝒂 𝒄𝒉𝒆 𝒍𝒊 𝒎𝒂𝒏𝒈𝒊𝒂𝒏𝒐 𝒂𝒏𝒄𝒉𝒆.
𝑰 𝒓𝒂𝒎𝒊 𝒈𝒓𝒂𝒏𝒅𝒊 𝒇𝒐𝒓𝒏𝒊𝒔𝒄𝒐𝒏𝒐 𝒂𝒄𝒄𝒆𝒔𝒔𝒐 𝒂𝒍𝒍𝒂 𝒄𝒐𝒓𝒕𝒆𝒄𝒄𝒊𝒂, 𝒂𝒍 𝒍𝒆𝒈𝒏𝒐, 𝒂𝒍𝒍𝒆 𝒇𝒐𝒈𝒍𝒊𝒆, 𝒂𝒊 𝒈𝒆𝒓𝒎𝒐𝒈𝒍𝒊, 𝒂𝒊 𝒇𝒓𝒖𝒕𝒕𝒊, 𝒆 𝒂𝒊 𝒔𝒆𝒎𝒊. 𝑸𝒖𝒆𝒔𝒕𝒊 𝒓𝒂𝒎𝒊 𝒇𝒐𝒓𝒏𝒊𝒔𝒄𝒐𝒏𝒐 𝒖𝒏𝒂 𝒗𝒂𝒓𝒊𝒆𝒕𝒂̀ 𝒅𝒊 𝒃𝒆𝒏𝒆𝒇𝒊𝒄𝒊 𝒂𝒊 𝒗𝒐𝒔𝒕𝒓𝒊 𝒑𝒂𝒑𝒑𝒂𝒈𝒂𝒍𝒍𝒊, 𝒑𝒐𝒔𝒔𝒊𝒃𝒊𝒍𝒎𝒆𝒏𝒕𝒆 𝒂𝒍𝒍𝒂𝒓𝒈𝒂𝒏𝒅𝒐 𝒍𝒆 𝒍𝒐𝒓𝒐 𝒔𝒄𝒆𝒍𝒕𝒆 𝒂𝒍𝒊𝒎𝒆𝒏𝒕𝒂𝒓𝒊 𝒊𝒏 𝒏𝒖𝒐𝒗𝒆 𝒆 𝒊𝒏𝒕𝒆𝒓𝒆𝒔𝒔𝒂𝒏𝒕𝒊 𝒅𝒊𝒓𝒆𝒛𝒊𝒐𝒏𝒊. 𝑨𝒏𝒄𝒉𝒆 𝒔𝒆 𝒍𝒂 𝒎𝒂𝒈𝒈𝒊𝒐𝒓 𝒑𝒂𝒓𝒕𝒆 𝒅𝒆𝒊 𝒑𝒂𝒑𝒑𝒂𝒈𝒂𝒍𝒍𝒊 𝒅𝒊𝒔𝒕𝒊𝒏𝒈𝒖𝒆 𝒕𝒓𝒂 𝒊 𝒄𝒊𝒃𝒊 “𝒂𝒎𝒊𝒄𝒊” 𝒆 𝒒𝒖𝒆𝒍𝒍𝒊 “𝒏𝒆𝒎𝒊𝒄𝒊”, 𝒊𝒅𝒆𝒏𝒕𝒊𝒇𝒊𝒄𝒂𝒕𝒆 𝒔𝒆𝒎𝒑𝒓𝒆 𝒍𝒂 𝒑𝒊𝒂𝒏𝒕𝒂 𝒄𝒉𝒆 𝒊𝒏𝒕𝒆𝒏𝒅𝒆𝒕𝒆 𝒐𝒇𝒇𝒓𝒊𝒓𝒈𝒍𝒊.
𝑬𝒗𝒊𝒕𝒂𝒕𝒆 𝒒𝒖𝒆𝒍𝒍𝒆 𝒄𝒐𝒏𝒐𝒔𝒄𝒊𝒖𝒕𝒆 𝒑𝒆𝒓 𝒆𝒔𝒔𝒆𝒓𝒆 𝒕𝒐𝒔𝒔𝒊𝒄𝒉𝒆 𝒂𝒅 𝒂𝒍𝒕𝒓𝒊 𝒂𝒏𝒊𝒎𝒂𝒍𝒊 𝒆 𝒂𝒍𝒍'𝒖𝒐𝒎𝒐. 𝑵𝒐𝒏 𝒆̀ 𝒏𝒆𝒄𝒆𝒔𝒔𝒂𝒓𝒊𝒐 𝒇𝒐𝒓𝒏𝒊𝒓𝒈𝒍𝒊 𝒊𝒍 𝒗𝒊𝒔𝒄𝒉𝒊𝒐, 𝒍'𝒐𝒍𝒆𝒂𝒏𝒅𝒓𝒐, 𝒊𝒍 𝒓𝒊𝒄𝒊𝒏𝒐, 𝒍𝒂 𝒄𝒊𝒄𝒖𝒕𝒂, 𝒐 𝒒𝒖𝒂𝒍𝒔𝒊𝒂𝒔𝒊 𝒂𝒍𝒕𝒓𝒂 𝒑𝒊𝒂𝒏𝒕𝒂 𝒄𝒐𝒏 𝒊 𝒕𝒆𝒓𝒎𝒊𝒏𝒊 “𝒗𝒆𝒍𝒆𝒏𝒐” 𝒐 “𝒎𝒐𝒓𝒕𝒂𝒍𝒆” 𝒄𝒐𝒍𝒍𝒆𝒈𝒂𝒕𝒊 𝒂𝒍 𝒏𝒐𝒎𝒆, 𝒄𝒐𝒏𝒔𝒊𝒅𝒆𝒓𝒂𝒏𝒅𝒐 𝒄𝒉𝒆 𝒗𝒊 𝒔𝒐𝒏𝒐 𝒎𝒊𝒈𝒍𝒊𝒂𝒊𝒂 𝒅𝒊 𝒂𝒍𝒕𝒆𝒓𝒏𝒂𝒕𝒊𝒗𝒆 𝒔𝒊𝒄𝒖𝒓𝒆 𝒄𝒉𝒆 𝒑𝒐𝒔𝒔𝒐𝒏𝒐 𝒆𝒔𝒔𝒆𝒓𝒆 𝒐𝒇𝒇𝒆𝒓𝒕𝒆 𝒂𝒊 𝒑𝒂𝒑𝒑𝒂𝒈𝒂𝒍𝒍𝒊.
𝑷𝒐𝒔𝒔𝒊𝒂𝒎𝒐 𝒄𝒆𝒓𝒕𝒂𝒎𝒆𝒏𝒕𝒆 𝒊𝒎𝒑𝒂𝒓𝒂𝒓𝒆 𝒎𝒐𝒍𝒕𝒐 𝒅𝒂𝒊 𝒑𝒂𝒑𝒑𝒂𝒈𝒂𝒍𝒍𝒊 𝒔𝒆𝒍𝒗𝒂𝒕𝒊𝒄𝒊, 𝒆 𝒄𝒐𝒏 𝒖𝒏 𝒑𝒐𝒄𝒐 𝒅𝒊 𝒑𝒓𝒆𝒑𝒂𝒓𝒂𝒛𝒊𝒐𝒏𝒆, 𝒑𝒐𝒔𝒔𝒐𝒏𝒐 𝒈𝒖𝒊𝒅𝒂𝒓𝒄𝒊 𝒑𝒆𝒓 𝒇𝒐𝒓𝒏𝒊𝒓𝒆 𝒂𝒊 𝒏𝒐𝒔𝒕𝒓𝒊 𝒑𝒂𝒑𝒑𝒂𝒈𝒂𝒍𝒍𝒊 𝒊𝒏 𝒄𝒂𝒕𝒕𝒊𝒗𝒊𝒕𝒂̀ 𝒖𝒏'𝒂𝒍𝒊𝒎𝒆𝒏𝒕𝒂𝒛𝒊𝒐𝒏𝒆 𝒑𝒊𝒖̀ 𝒅𝒊𝒗𝒆𝒓𝒔𝒊𝒇𝒊𝒄𝒂𝒕𝒂, 𝒔𝒕𝒊𝒎𝒐𝒍𝒂𝒏𝒕𝒆, 𝒆 𝒔𝒂𝒏𝒂. 𝑷𝒓𝒐𝒄𝒆𝒅𝒆𝒕𝒆 𝒈𝒓𝒂𝒅𝒖𝒂𝒍𝒎𝒆𝒏𝒕𝒆, 𝒐𝒔𝒔𝒆𝒓𝒗𝒂𝒕𝒆 𝒒𝒖𝒆𝒍𝒍𝒐 𝒄𝒉𝒆 𝒇𝒖𝒏𝒛𝒊𝒐𝒏𝒂, 𝒄𝒉𝒊𝒆𝒅𝒆𝒕𝒆 𝒂𝒊 𝒗𝒐𝒔𝒕𝒓𝒊 𝒂𝒎𝒊𝒄𝒊 𝒄𝒐𝒔𝒂 𝒉𝒂 𝒂𝒗𝒖𝒕𝒐 𝒔𝒖𝒄𝒄𝒆𝒔𝒔𝒐 𝒄𝒐𝒏 𝒊 𝒍𝒐𝒓𝒐 𝒑𝒂𝒑𝒑𝒂𝒈𝒂𝒍𝒍𝒊, 𝒆 𝒏𝒂𝒕𝒖𝒓𝒂𝒍𝒎𝒆𝒏𝒕𝒆, 𝒄𝒐𝒏𝒅𝒊𝒗𝒊𝒅𝒆𝒕𝒆 𝒊 𝒗𝒐𝒔𝒕𝒓𝒊.

giovedì 7 maggio 2020

Chi e' l'esperto?

Un illuminante articolo della collega Paola Rossi su come orientarsi nella scelta dell'educatore o del trainer per il proprio animale.


𝙿𝚛𝚎𝚗𝚍𝚘 𝚜𝚙𝚞𝚗𝚝𝚘 𝚍𝚊 𝚊𝚕𝚌𝚞𝚗𝚒 𝚝𝚛𝚊𝚐𝚒𝚌𝚒 𝚎𝚙𝚒𝚜𝚘𝚍𝚒 𝚊𝚟𝚟𝚎𝚗𝚞𝚝𝚒 𝚗𝚎𝚕𝚕𝚎 𝚞𝚕𝚝𝚒𝚖𝚎 𝚜𝚎𝚝𝚝𝚒𝚖𝚊𝚗𝚎 𝚙𝚎r 𝚛𝚒𝚝𝚘𝚛𝚗𝚊𝚛𝚎 𝚜𝚞 𝚞𝚗 𝚝𝚎𝚖𝚊 𝚍𝚒 𝚌𝚞𝚒 𝚊𝚟𝚎𝚟𝚘 𝚙𝚊𝚛𝚕𝚊𝚝𝚘 𝚒𝚗 𝚙𝚊𝚜𝚜𝚊𝚝𝚘: 𝚌𝚘𝚖𝚎 𝚛𝚒𝚌𝚘𝚗𝚘𝚜𝚌𝚎𝚛𝚎 𝚎 𝚜𝚌𝚎𝚐𝚕𝚒𝚎𝚛𝚎 𝚐𝚕𝚒 𝚎𝚍𝚞𝚌𝚊𝚝𝚘𝚛𝚒 𝚌𝚑𝚎 𝚗𝚘𝚗 𝚖𝚎𝚝𝚝𝚎𝚛𝚊𝚗𝚗𝚘 𝚖𝚊𝚒 𝚊 𝚛𝚒𝚜𝚌𝚑𝚒𝚘 𝚕𝚊 𝚟𝚒𝚝𝚊 𝚍𝚎𝚒 𝚟𝚘𝚜𝚝𝚛𝚒 𝚙𝚊𝚙𝚙𝚊𝚐𝚊𝚕𝚕𝚒, 𝚜𝚒𝚊𝚗𝚘 𝚎𝚜𝚜𝚒 𝚘𝚛𝚒𝚎𝚗𝚝𝚊𝚝𝚒 𝚊𝚕𝚕𝚊 𝚛𝚎𝚕𝚊𝚣𝚒𝚘𝚗𝚎 𝚒𝚗 𝚊𝚖𝚋𝚒𝚎𝚗𝚝𝚎 𝚍𝚘𝚖𝚎𝚜𝚝𝚒𝚌𝚘, 𝚜𝚒𝚊 𝚊𝚕𝚕’𝚒𝚗𝚜𝚎𝚐𝚗𝚊𝚖𝚎𝚗𝚝𝚘 𝚍𝚎𝚕 𝚟𝚘𝚕𝚘 𝚕𝚒𝚋𝚎𝚛𝚘, 𝚒𝚗𝚝𝚛𝚒𝚗𝚜𝚎𝚌𝚊𝚖𝚎𝚗𝚝𝚎 𝚌𝚘𝚕𝚕𝚎𝚐𝚊𝚝𝚘 𝚊𝚕𝚕𝚊 𝚌𝚘𝚗𝚘𝚜𝚌𝚎𝚗𝚣𝚊 𝚍𝚎𝚒 𝚖𝚎𝚌𝚌𝚊𝚗𝚒𝚜𝚖𝚒 𝚍𝚎𝚕 𝚌𝚘𝚖𝚙𝚘𝚛𝚝𝚊𝚖𝚎𝚗𝚝𝚘.
𝙾𝚐𝚐𝚒 𝚝𝚞𝚝𝚝𝚒 𝚙𝚛𝚎𝚝𝚎𝚗𝚍𝚘𝚗𝚘 𝚍𝚒 𝚒𝚗𝚜𝚎𝚐𝚗𝚊𝚛𝚎 𝚊𝚝𝚝𝚛𝚊𝚟𝚎𝚛𝚜𝚘 𝚕’𝚞𝚜𝚘 𝚍𝚎𝚕 𝚁𝚒𝚗𝚏𝚘𝚛𝚣𝚘 𝙿𝚘𝚜𝚒𝚝𝚒𝚟𝚘, 𝚙𝚊𝚛𝚘𝚕𝚊 𝚊𝚕𝚕𝚎𝚝𝚝𝚊𝚗𝚝𝚎 𝚎 𝚍𝚒 𝚐𝚛𝚊𝚗𝚍𝚎 𝚝𝚛𝚊𝚒𝚗𝚘 𝚒𝚗 𝚚𝚞𝚎𝚜𝚝𝚘 𝚜𝚎𝚝𝚝𝚘𝚛𝚎, 𝚖𝚊 𝚗𝚘𝚗 𝚝𝚞𝚝𝚝𝚒 𝚚𝚞𝚎𝚕𝚕𝚒 𝚌𝚑𝚎 𝚕𝚘 𝚍𝚒𝚌𝚑𝚒𝚊𝚛𝚊𝚗𝚘 𝚜𝚘𝚗𝚘 𝚛𝚎𝚊𝚕𝚖𝚎𝚗𝚝𝚎 𝚏𝚘𝚛𝚖𝚊𝚝𝚒 𝚙𝚎𝚛 𝚏𝚊𝚛𝚕𝚘.
𝙼𝚎𝚝𝚝𝚎𝚛𝚎 𝚞𝚗 𝚙𝚊𝚙𝚙𝚊𝚐𝚊𝚕𝚕𝚘 𝚗𝚎𝚕𝚕𝚎 𝚖𝚊𝚗𝚒 𝚍𝚒 𝚞𝚗 𝚗𝚘𝚗- 𝚎𝚜𝚙𝚎𝚛𝚝𝚘 𝚙𝚞𝚘̀ 𝚛𝚒𝚜𝚞𝚕𝚝𝚊𝚛𝚎 𝚏𝚊𝚝𝚊𝚕𝚎.
𝙼𝚊 𝚌𝚘𝚖𝚎 𝚏𝚊 𝚞𝚗 𝚘𝚜𝚜𝚎𝚛𝚟𝚊𝚝𝚘𝚛𝚎 𝚊 𝚌𝚊𝚙𝚒𝚛𝚎 𝚜𝚎 𝚑𝚊 𝚍𝚊𝚟𝚊𝚗𝚝𝚒 𝚞𝚗 𝚎𝚜𝚙𝚎𝚛𝚝𝚘 𝚘 𝚞𝚗 𝚊𝚍𝚍𝚎𝚜𝚝𝚛𝚊𝚝𝚘𝚛𝚎 𝚖𝚎𝚍𝚒𝚘𝚌𝚛𝚎?
𝙻𝚎 𝚙𝚛𝚒𝚖𝚎 𝚌𝚘𝚜𝚎 𝚊 𝚌𝚞𝚒 𝚐𝚞𝚊𝚛𝚍𝚊𝚛𝚎, 𝚒𝚗 𝚛𝚎𝚊𝚕𝚝𝚊̀, 𝚜𝚒 𝚙𝚛𝚎𝚜𝚎𝚗𝚝𝚊𝚗𝚘 - 𝚙𝚞𝚛𝚝𝚛𝚘𝚙𝚙𝚘 - 𝚊 𝚙𝚎𝚛𝚌𝚘𝚛𝚜𝚘 𝚒𝚗𝚒𝚣𝚒𝚊𝚝𝚘 𝚖𝚊 𝚊𝚕𝚌𝚞𝚗𝚒 𝚒𝚗𝚍𝚒𝚣𝚒 𝚙𝚘𝚜𝚜𝚘𝚗𝚘 𝚐𝚞𝚒𝚍𝚊𝚛𝚟𝚒 𝚍𝚊 𝚜𝚞𝚋𝚒𝚝𝚘 𝚊𝚍 𝚞𝚗𝚊 𝚜𝚌𝚎𝚕𝚝𝚊 𝚌𝚘𝚗𝚜𝚊𝚙𝚎𝚟𝚘𝚕𝚎.
𝙸𝚗𝚒𝚣𝚒𝚊𝚖𝚘 𝚍𝚊𝚒 𝚜𝚎𝚐𝚗𝚊𝚕𝚒 𝚙𝚒𝚞̀ 𝚟𝚒𝚜𝚒𝚋𝚒𝚕𝚒:
𝙽𝚘𝚗 𝚜𝚘𝚗𝚘 𝚖𝚊𝚒 𝚊𝚞𝚝𝚘𝚍𝚒𝚍𝚊𝚝𝚝𝚒, 𝚖𝚊 𝚑𝚊𝚗𝚗𝚘 𝚒𝚖𝚙𝚊𝚛𝚊𝚝𝚘 𝚎 𝚜𝚒 𝚏𝚘𝚛𝚖𝚊𝚗𝚘 𝚌𝚘𝚗𝚝𝚒𝚗𝚞𝚊𝚖𝚎𝚗𝚝𝚎 𝚙𝚛𝚎𝚜𝚜𝚘 𝚖𝚎𝚗𝚝𝚘𝚛𝚒 𝚎𝚜𝚙𝚎𝚛𝚝𝚒 𝚎 𝚛𝚒𝚌𝚘𝚗𝚘𝚜𝚌𝚒𝚞𝚝𝚒 𝚊 𝚕𝚒𝚟𝚎𝚕𝚕𝚘 𝚒𝚗𝚝𝚎𝚛𝚗𝚊𝚣𝚒𝚘𝚗𝚊𝚕𝚎.
𝙶𝚕𝚒 𝚎𝚜𝚙𝚎𝚛𝚝𝚒 𝚊𝚙𝚙𝚕𝚒𝚌𝚊𝚗𝚘 𝚒 𝚙𝚛𝚒𝚗𝚌𝚒𝚙𝚒 𝚜𝚌𝚒𝚎𝚗𝚝𝚒𝚏𝚒𝚌𝚒
𝙽𝚘𝚗 𝚟𝚒 𝚛𝚊𝚌𝚌𝚘𝚗𝚝𝚊𝚗𝚘 𝚌𝚑𝚎 𝚒𝚕 𝚙𝚊𝚙𝚙𝚊𝚐𝚊𝚕𝚕𝚘 𝚍𝚎𝚟𝚎 𝚟𝚎𝚗𝚒𝚛𝚎 𝚍𝚊 𝚟𝚘𝚒 𝚙𝚎𝚛𝚌𝚑𝚎́ 𝚜𝚒𝚎𝚝𝚎 𝚒𝚗𝚝𝚎𝚛𝚎𝚜𝚜𝚊𝚗𝚝𝚒 𝚊𝚒 𝚜𝚞𝚘𝚒 𝚘𝚌𝚌𝚑𝚒
𝙷𝚊𝚗𝚗𝚘 𝚞𝚗𝚊 𝚋𝚞𝚘𝚗𝚊 𝚛𝚎𝚙𝚞𝚝𝚊𝚣𝚒𝚘𝚗𝚎, 𝚙𝚘𝚜𝚜𝚒𝚎𝚍𝚘𝚗𝚘 𝚊𝚝𝚝𝚎𝚜𝚝𝚊𝚝𝚒 𝚍𝚒 𝚌𝚘𝚛𝚜𝚒, 𝚜𝚎𝚖𝚒𝚗𝚊𝚛𝚒, 𝚠𝚘𝚛𝚔𝚜𝚑𝚘𝚙, 𝚌𝚎𝚛𝚝𝚒𝚏𝚒𝚌𝚊𝚣𝚒𝚘𝚗𝚒 𝚎 𝚌𝚘𝚗𝚝𝚒𝚗𝚞𝚊𝚗𝚘 𝚊 𝚒𝚗𝚟𝚎𝚜𝚝𝚒𝚛𝚎 𝚗𝚎𝚕𝚕𝚊 𝚏𝚘𝚛𝚖𝚊𝚣𝚒𝚘𝚗𝚎
𝙽𝚘𝚗 𝚞𝚜𝚊𝚗𝚘 𝙼𝙰𝙸 𝚛𝚒𝚌𝚎𝚝𝚝𝚎 𝚙𝚎𝚛𝚜𝚘𝚗𝚊𝚕𝚒, 𝚗𝚎́ 𝚙𝚛𝚘𝚖𝚞𝚘𝚟𝚘𝚗𝚘 𝚖𝚎𝚝𝚘𝚍𝚒 𝚘 𝚝𝚎𝚌𝚗𝚒𝚌𝚑𝚎 𝚙𝚎𝚛𝚜𝚘𝚗𝚊𝚕𝚒
𝙿𝚘𝚜𝚜𝚘𝚗𝚘 𝚖𝚘𝚜𝚝𝚛𝚊𝚛𝚎 𝚞𝚗𝚊 𝚍𝚘𝚌𝚞𝚖𝚎𝚗𝚝𝚊𝚣𝚒𝚘𝚗𝚎 𝚌𝚑𝚎 𝚙𝚛𝚘𝚟𝚊 𝚒𝚕 𝚕𝚘𝚛𝚘 𝚙𝚎𝚛𝚌𝚘𝚛𝚜𝚘 𝚏𝚘𝚛𝚖𝚊𝚝𝚒𝚟𝚘
𝙰𝚕𝚌𝚞𝚗𝚒 𝚜𝚘𝚗𝚘 𝚒𝚜𝚌𝚛𝚒𝚝𝚝𝚘 𝚊𝚍 𝚞𝚗 𝙰𝚕𝚋𝚘
𝙽𝚘𝚗 𝚙𝚛𝚘𝚖𝚞𝚘𝚟𝚘𝚗𝚘 𝚖𝚊𝚒 𝚌𝚘𝚗𝚝𝚊𝚝𝚝𝚒 𝚗𝚘𝚗 𝚗𝚎𝚌𝚎𝚜𝚜𝚊𝚛𝚒 𝚌𝚘𝚗 𝚕’𝚊𝚗𝚒𝚖𝚊𝚕𝚎
𝙸𝚗𝚌𝚘𝚛𝚊𝚐𝚐𝚒𝚊𝚗𝚘 𝚒 𝚙𝚛𝚘𝚙𝚛𝚒𝚎𝚝𝚊𝚛𝚒 𝚊 𝚗𝚘𝚗 𝚜𝚝𝚊𝚋𝚒𝚕𝚒𝚛𝚎 𝚞𝚗𝚊 𝚛𝚎𝚕𝚊𝚣𝚒𝚘𝚗𝚎 𝚊𝚗𝚝𝚛𝚘𝚙𝚘𝚌𝚎𝚗𝚝𝚛𝚒𝚌𝚊
𝙽𝚘𝚗 𝚙𝚛𝚘𝚖𝚞𝚘𝚟𝚘𝚗𝚘 𝚕’𝚒𝚍𝚎𝚊 𝚌𝚑𝚎 𝚕𝚊 𝚛𝚎𝚕𝚊𝚣𝚒𝚘𝚗𝚎 𝚜𝚒 𝚟𝚊𝚕𝚞𝚝𝚒 𝚒𝚗 𝚋𝚊𝚜𝚎 𝚊 𝚚𝚞𝚊𝚗𝚝𝚘 𝚒𝚕 𝚙𝚊𝚙𝚙𝚊𝚐𝚊𝚕𝚕𝚘 𝚜𝚒 𝚕𝚊𝚜𝚌𝚒𝚊 𝚌𝚘𝚌𝚌𝚘𝚕𝚊𝚛𝚎
𝚂𝚘𝚗𝚘 𝚝𝚛𝚊𝚜𝚙𝚊𝚛𝚎𝚗𝚝𝚒, 𝚘𝚗𝚎𝚜𝚝𝚒, 𝚑𝚊𝚗𝚗𝚘 𝚌𝚘𝚖𝚙𝚘𝚛𝚝𝚊𝚖𝚎𝚗𝚝𝚒 𝚙𝚞𝚋𝚋𝚕𝚒𝚌𝚒 𝚜𝚎𝚛𝚒 𝚎 𝚒𝚛𝚛𝚎𝚙𝚛𝚎𝚗𝚜𝚒𝚋𝚒𝚕𝚒, 𝚗𝚘𝚗 𝚕𝚎𝚍𝚘𝚗𝚘 𝚒𝚕 𝚙𝚛𝚘𝚜𝚜𝚒𝚖𝚘, 𝚜𝚘𝚗𝚘 𝚌𝚘𝚖𝚙𝚎𝚝𝚎𝚗𝚝𝚒, 𝚒 𝚕𝚘𝚛𝚘 𝚛𝚒𝚜𝚞𝚕𝚝𝚊𝚝𝚒 𝚜𝚘𝚗𝚘 𝚛𝚒𝚗𝚝𝚛𝚊𝚌𝚌𝚒𝚊𝚋𝚒𝚕𝚒, 𝚗𝚘𝚗 𝚙𝚎𝚛𝚜𝚎𝚐𝚞𝚘𝚗𝚘 𝚙𝚘𝚕𝚒𝚝𝚒𝚌𝚑𝚎 𝚙𝚎𝚛𝚜𝚘𝚗𝚊𝚕𝚒.
𝙽𝚘𝚗 𝚕𝚊𝚟𝚘𝚛𝚊𝚗𝚘 𝚌𝚘𝚗 𝚊𝚗𝚒𝚖𝚊𝚕𝚒 𝚌𝚑𝚎 𝚙𝚛𝚎𝚜𝚎𝚗𝚝𝚊𝚗𝚘 𝚜𝚎𝚐𝚗𝚒 𝚍𝚒 𝚖𝚊𝚕𝚎𝚜𝚜𝚎𝚛𝚎
𝚃𝚎𝚗𝚐𝚘𝚗𝚘 𝚕’𝚊𝚗𝚒𝚖𝚊𝚕𝚎 𝚜𝚎𝚖𝚙𝚛𝚎 𝚊𝚕 𝚜𝚒𝚌𝚞𝚛𝚘 𝚎 𝚐𝚞𝚒𝚍𝚊𝚗𝚘 𝚒𝚕 𝚙𝚛𝚘𝚙𝚛𝚒𝚎𝚝𝚊𝚛𝚒𝚘 𝚊 𝚘𝚜𝚜𝚎𝚛𝚟𝚊𝚛𝚎 𝚕𝚊 𝚕𝚘𝚛𝚘 𝚜𝚊𝚕𝚞𝚝𝚎
𝙽𝚘𝚗 𝚛𝚒𝚍𝚞𝚌𝚘𝚗𝚘 𝚖𝚊𝚒 𝚕𝚊 𝚍𝚒𝚎𝚝𝚊 𝚊 𝚕𝚒𝚟𝚎𝚕𝚕𝚒 𝚒𝚗𝚜𝚎𝚗𝚜𝚊𝚝𝚒 𝚙𝚎𝚛 𝚌𝚛𝚎𝚊𝚛𝚎 𝚖𝚘𝚝𝚒𝚟𝚊𝚣𝚒𝚘𝚗𝚎
𝚅𝚊𝚕𝚞𝚝𝚊𝚗𝚘 𝚕𝚊 𝚜𝚒𝚝𝚞𝚊𝚣𝚒𝚘𝚗𝚎 𝚍𝚎𝚕𝚕’𝚊𝚗𝚒𝚖𝚊𝚕𝚎 𝚊𝚗𝚌𝚑𝚎 𝚜𝚞𝚕𝚕𝚊 𝚋𝚊𝚜𝚎 𝚍𝚒 𝚙𝚎𝚛𝚌𝚘𝚛𝚜𝚒 𝚙𝚛𝚎𝚌𝚎𝚍𝚎𝚗𝚝𝚒
𝙽𝚘𝚗 𝚞𝚜𝚊𝚗𝚘 𝚒𝚕 𝚕𝚒𝚗𝚐𝚞𝚊𝚐𝚐𝚒𝚘 𝚝𝚎𝚌𝚗𝚒𝚌𝚘 𝚙𝚎𝚛 𝚒𝚖𝚙𝚛𝚎𝚜𝚜𝚒𝚘𝚗𝚊𝚛𝚎 𝚒𝚕 𝚙𝚛𝚘𝚙𝚛𝚒𝚎𝚝𝚊𝚛𝚒𝚘
𝙼𝚎𝚝𝚝𝚘𝚗𝚘 𝚊𝚕 𝚙𝚛𝚒𝚖𝚘 𝚙𝚘𝚜𝚝𝚘 𝚒𝚕 𝚋𝚎𝚗𝚎𝚜𝚜𝚎𝚛𝚎 𝚍𝚎𝚕𝚕’𝚊𝚗𝚒𝚖𝚊𝚕𝚎
𝚄𝚜𝚊𝚗𝚘 𝚝𝚎𝚌𝚗𝚒𝚌𝚑𝚎 𝚗𝚘𝚗 𝚒𝚗𝚝𝚛𝚞𝚜𝚒𝚟𝚎 𝚎 𝚛𝚒𝚌𝚘𝚗𝚘𝚜𝚌𝚒𝚞𝚝𝚎 𝚗𝚎𝚕 𝚜𝚎𝚝𝚝𝚘𝚛𝚎
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
E poi:
𝙽𝚘𝚗 𝚙𝚛𝚊𝚝𝚒𝚌𝚊𝚗𝚘 𝚕’𝚞𝚜𝚘 𝚙𝚛𝚘𝚖𝚒𝚜𝚌𝚞𝚘 𝚍𝚒 𝚛𝚒𝚗𝚏𝚘𝚛𝚣𝚒 𝚙𝚘𝚜𝚒𝚝𝚒𝚟𝚒 𝚎 𝚗𝚎𝚐𝚊𝚝𝚒𝚟𝚒, 𝚗𝚘𝚗 𝚝𝚎𝚗𝚝𝚊𝚗𝚘 𝚖𝚊𝚗𝚘𝚟𝚛𝚎 𝚊 𝚌𝚊𝚜𝚘 𝚎 𝚗𝚘𝚗 𝚑𝚊𝚗𝚗𝚘 𝚖𝚊𝚒 𝚌𝚛𝚒𝚝𝚎𝚛𝚒 𝚙𝚘𝚌𝚘 𝚌𝚑𝚒𝚊𝚛𝚒 𝚍𝚞𝚛𝚊𝚗𝚝𝚎 𝚒𝚕 𝚙𝚛𝚘𝚌𝚎𝚜𝚜𝚘 .
𝙲𝚘𝚖𝚋𝚒𝚗𝚊𝚗𝚘 𝚜𝚊𝚙𝚎𝚛𝚎 𝚝𝚎𝚘𝚛𝚒𝚌𝚘 𝚌𝚘𝚗 𝚙𝚛𝚊𝚝𝚒𝚌𝚊
𝚂𝚊𝚗𝚗𝚘 𝚌𝚘𝚖𝚎 𝚜𝚝𝚒𝚖𝚘𝚕𝚊𝚛𝚎 𝚕’𝚊𝚗𝚒𝚖𝚊𝚕𝚎 𝚊𝚕𝚕𝚊 𝚙𝚊𝚛𝚝𝚎𝚌𝚒𝚙𝚊𝚣𝚒𝚘𝚗𝚎 𝚟𝚘𝚕𝚘𝚗𝚝𝚊𝚛𝚒𝚊
𝚂𝚊𝚗𝚗𝚘 𝚕𝚎𝚐𝚐𝚎𝚛𝚎 𝚙𝚎𝚛𝚏𝚎𝚝𝚝𝚊𝚖𝚎𝚗𝚝𝚎 𝚒𝚕 𝚕𝚒𝚗𝚐𝚞𝚊𝚐𝚐𝚒𝚘 𝚍𝚎𝚕 𝚌𝚘𝚛𝚙𝚘
𝙽𝚘𝚗 𝚍𝚊𝚗𝚗𝚘 𝚖𝚊𝚒 𝚌𝚘𝚖𝚊𝚗𝚍𝚒 𝚎 𝚗𝚘𝚗 𝚊𝚕𝚣𝚊𝚗𝚘 𝚖𝚊𝚒 𝚕𝚊 𝚟𝚘𝚌𝚎, 𝚗𝚘𝚗 𝚒𝚗𝚜𝚒𝚜𝚝𝚘𝚗𝚘 𝚊 𝚍𝚊𝚛𝚎 𝚜𝚎𝚐𝚗𝚊𝚕𝚒 𝚌𝚑𝚎 𝚒𝚕 𝚙𝚊𝚙𝚙𝚊𝚐𝚊𝚕𝚕𝚘 𝚗𝚘𝚗 𝚊𝚌𝚌𝚘𝚐𝚕𝚒𝚎 𝚎 𝚗𝚘𝚗 𝚌𝚘𝚖𝚙𝚛𝚎𝚗𝚍𝚎
𝙳𝚊𝚗𝚗𝚘 𝚌𝚘𝚗𝚝𝚛𝚘𝚕𝚕𝚘 𝚎 𝚜𝚒 𝚏𝚊𝚗𝚗𝚘 𝚒𝚗𝚏𝚕𝚞𝚎𝚗𝚣𝚊𝚛𝚎 𝚍𝚊𝚕 𝚌𝚘𝚖𝚙𝚘𝚛𝚝𝚊𝚖𝚎𝚗𝚝𝚘 𝚍𝚎𝚕𝚕’𝚊𝚗𝚒𝚖𝚊𝚕𝚎 𝚍𝚞𝚛𝚊𝚗𝚝𝚎 𝚝𝚞𝚝𝚝𝚘 𝚒𝚕 𝚙𝚛𝚘𝚌𝚎𝚜𝚜𝚘 𝚎𝚍𝚞𝚌𝚊𝚝𝚒𝚟𝚘
𝙻𝚊𝚜𝚌𝚒𝚊𝚗𝚘 𝚊𝚕 𝚌𝚘𝚖𝚙𝚘𝚛𝚝𝚊𝚖𝚎𝚗𝚝𝚘 𝚍𝚎𝚕 𝚙𝚊𝚙𝚙𝚊𝚐𝚊𝚕𝚕𝚘 𝚍𝚎𝚌𝚒𝚍𝚎𝚛𝚎 𝚌𝚘𝚖𝚎 𝚙𝚛𝚘𝚜𝚎𝚐𝚞𝚒𝚛𝚎
𝙳𝚊𝚗𝚗𝚘 𝚟𝚘𝚌𝚎 𝚊𝚒 𝚙𝚊𝚙𝚙𝚊𝚐𝚊𝚕𝚕𝚒 𝚎 𝚕’𝚊𝚋𝚒𝚕𝚒𝚝𝚊̀ 𝚍𝚒 𝚍𝚒𝚛𝚎 𝙽𝙾
𝚂𝚘𝚗𝚘 𝚏𝚘𝚌𝚊𝚕𝚒𝚣𝚣𝚊𝚝𝚒 𝚜𝚎𝚖𝚙𝚛𝚎 𝚜𝚞𝚕 𝚙𝚛𝚘𝚌𝚎𝚜𝚜𝚘 𝚎 𝚖𝚊𝚒 𝚜𝚘𝚕𝚘 𝚜𝚞𝚕𝚕’𝚘𝚋𝚒𝚎𝚝𝚝𝚒𝚟𝚘
𝙽𝚘𝚗 𝚜𝚌𝚊𝚛𝚒𝚌𝚊𝚗𝚘 𝚕𝚊 𝚛𝚎𝚜𝚙𝚘𝚗𝚜𝚊𝚋𝚒𝚕𝚒𝚝𝚊̀ 𝚍𝚎𝚐𝚕𝚒 𝚎𝚛𝚛𝚘𝚛𝚒 𝚜𝚞𝚕𝚕’𝚊𝚗𝚒𝚖𝚊𝚕𝚎, 𝚗𝚘𝚗 𝚕𝚘 𝚎𝚝𝚒𝚌𝚑𝚎𝚝𝚝𝚊𝚗𝚘 𝚝𝚎𝚜𝚝𝚘𝚗𝚎, 𝚌𝚊𝚙𝚛𝚒𝚌𝚌𝚒𝚘𝚜𝚘, 𝚟𝚒𝚣𝚒𝚊𝚝𝚘, 𝚜𝚙𝚎𝚌𝚒𝚎 𝚍𝚒𝚏𝚏𝚒𝚌𝚒𝚕𝚎, 𝚜𝚙𝚎𝚌𝚒𝚎 𝚝𝚘𝚜𝚝𝚊, 𝚎𝚌𝚌. 𝚖𝚊 𝚜𝚒 𝚙𝚛𝚎𝚗𝚍𝚘𝚗𝚘 𝚕𝚊 𝚛𝚎𝚜𝚙𝚘𝚗𝚜𝚊𝚋𝚒𝚕𝚒𝚝𝚊̀ 𝚍𝚎𝚕 𝚌𝚘𝚖𝚙𝚘𝚛𝚝𝚊𝚖𝚎𝚗𝚝𝚘 𝚎𝚍 𝚎𝚟𝚎𝚗𝚝𝚞𝚊𝚕𝚖𝚎𝚗𝚝𝚎 𝚙𝚒𝚊𝚗𝚒𝚏𝚒𝚌𝚊𝚗𝚘 𝚒𝚗𝚝𝚎𝚛𝚟𝚎𝚗𝚝𝚒 𝚍𝚒𝚟𝚎𝚛𝚜𝚒
𝙽𝚎𝚕 𝚙𝚛𝚘𝚌𝚎𝚜𝚜𝚘 𝚍𝚒 𝚛𝚎𝚕𝚊𝚣𝚒𝚘𝚗𝚎/𝚎𝚍𝚞𝚌𝚊𝚣𝚒𝚘𝚗𝚎 𝚞𝚜𝚊𝚗𝚘 𝚎𝚜𝚌𝚑𝚎 𝚜𝚘𝚕𝚘 𝚊𝚕𝚕’𝚒𝚗𝚒𝚣𝚒𝚘
𝚂𝚊𝚗𝚗𝚘 𝚍𝚒𝚛𝚟𝚒 𝚚𝚞𝚊𝚗𝚍𝚘 𝚒𝚕 𝚙𝚊𝚙𝚙𝚊𝚐𝚊𝚕𝚕𝚘 𝚒𝚗𝚒𝚣𝚒𝚊 𝚊 𝚖𝚘𝚜𝚝𝚛𝚊𝚛𝚎 𝚏𝚒𝚍𝚞𝚌𝚒𝚊 𝚊𝚝𝚝𝚛𝚊𝚟𝚎𝚛𝚜𝚘 𝚕’𝚊𝚗𝚊𝚕𝚒𝚜𝚒 𝚍𝚎𝚕 𝚜𝚞𝚘 𝚌𝚘𝚖𝚙𝚘𝚛𝚝𝚊𝚖𝚎𝚗𝚝𝚘
𝙽𝚘𝚗 𝚞𝚜𝚊𝚗𝚘 𝚖𝚊𝚒 𝚒𝚕 𝚃𝚒𝚖𝚎 𝙾𝚞𝚝
𝙽𝚘𝚗 𝚍𝚊𝚗𝚗𝚘 𝚒𝚕 𝙱𝚛𝚒𝚍𝚐𝚎 𝚜𝚎𝚗𝚣𝚊 𝚁𝚒𝚗𝚏𝚘𝚛𝚣𝚘

lunedì 13 aprile 2020

PERCHE' SI COMPORTA COSI'?

Quando non si capisce perché un pappagallo si comporta come si comporta noi lo sappiamo. 
La risposta è sempre la stessa: tutti ripetiamo un comportamento quando è rinforzante, anche i pappagalli. La domanda successiva è : qual è il rinforzo?

Abbracciate una prospettiva scientifica, la stessa che supporta la medicina aviaria, non spiegazioni narrative o fantascientifiche.